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Headword: Prousias
Adler number: pi,2914
Translated headword: Prousias, Prusias
Vetting Status: high
[Prousias] the king.[1] This man, after defeating Attalos[2] and after arriving at Pergamon, prepared a lavish sacrifice and brought it to the sanctuary of Asklepios. Sacrificing oxen and getting good omens, he then returned to his encampment. But on the next day, setting his force against the Nikephorion,[3] he destroyed all the temples and robbed the gods' sanctuaries of their statues[4] and the sculptures made of stone. Finally he lifted the statue of Asklepios, skilfully created by Phylomachos,[5] and carried it away for himself -- the very god to whom on the previous day he was pouring libations, sacrificing oxen, and offering prayers asking him, naturally, to become in every way propitious and kindly unto himself. Such dispositions are those of a maniac.[6] For at one moment to sacrifice and placate the deity, doing obeisance and anointing the altars in a special way, as Prousias usually did while bending his knee and playing the woman, and yet at the same moment to violate these things and, by their destruction, to evince your arrogance towards the deity -- how could one not say these were the deeds of a crazed spirit, a soul that has departed from reason?
Greek Original:
Prousias ho basileus: houtos meta to nikêsai ton Attalon, meta to parelthein pros to Pergamon, paraskeuasamenos thusian polutelê prosêgage pros to temenos tou Asklêpiou kai bouthutêsas kai kallierêsas tote men epanêlthen eis tên parembolên, kata de tên epiousan katastêsas tên dunamin epi to Nikêphorion tous te neôs hapantas diephtheire kai ta temenê tôn theôn esulêse kai tous andriantas kai ta lithina tôn agalmatôn. to de teleutaion kai to tou Asklêpiou bastasas agalma, perittôs hupo Phulomachou kateskeuasmenon, apênenken hôs auton, hôi têi proteron hêmerai kataspendôn ebouthutei kai katêucheto, deomenos, hoper eikos, hileôn autôi genesthai kai eumenê kata panta tropon. hai de toiautai diatheseis manikai: to gar hama men thuein kai exilaskesthai to theion, proskunounta kai liparounta tous bômous exallôs, hoper eiôthe Prousias poiein gonupetôn kai gunaikizomenos, hama de tauta kai lumainesthai kai dia tês toutôn kataphthoras tên eis to theion hubrin diatithesthai, pôs ouk an eipoi tis thumou luttôntos erga kai psuchês exestêkuias kai logismôn;
[1] Prousias II of Bithynia (reigned 182-149 BCE). This passage is part of Polybios 32.15, on events of 156/5. For Prousias see already pi 2913 (also Polybian).
[2] Attalos II of Pergamon (reigned 220-138 BCE).
[3] A sanctuary-complex, nominally of Athena, outside the city itself.
[4] i.e. bronze statues as opposed to stone.
[5] Cross-referenced at phi 841. Nevertheless, the name is more authentically PhyRomachos.
[6] The fuller text of Polyb. 32.15 reads 'At an earlier point, discussing Philip, I have described these dispositions as those of a maniac'.
Keywords: art history; biography; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; religion; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 28 February 2003@03:08:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 28 February 2003@03:36:10.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 28 August 2006@19:36:20.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 21 October 2013@06:01:24.


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