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Headword: *eu)me/nhs
Adler number: epsilon,3579
Translated headword: Eumenes
Vetting Status: high
A king of the Macedonians[1]; who, while he was enfeebled in bodily power, was still holding out[2] by the brightness of his soul; a man who, while he was in most respects second to none of the kings of his time, was in all the most important and finest matters greater and brighter [than they]. First, that is to say, having inherited from his father[3] the kingdom when it had shrunk entirely to a few meagre little towns, he made his own empire a rival to the greatest dynasties of his time, for the most part not relying on fortune as a helper, nor by reversal of circumstance, but through his sharpness of mind and love of hard work, and moreover his own practical ability. Second, he became very concerned with reputation and not only became a benefactor to more Hellenic cities than any of the [other] kings of his time, but also gave substantial support to the most men on an individual basis.[4] Third, having three brothers who in age and practical ability [were ...] [5] he kept all of them together, obeying him, serving as his bodyguards, and preserving the dignity of the kingship. One could find very few cases of this happening.
This Eumenes is put to death by Antigonos,[6] [and was] a man with a greater reputation for wisdom than the rest of the Macedonians, and beyond criticism in matters of strategy, so that he has handed on his name even to later times.
Greek Original:
*eu)me/nhs, basileu\s *makedo/nwn: o(\s th=| me\n swmatikh=| duna/mei paralelume/nos h)=n, th=| de\ th=s yuxh=s lampro/thti prosantei=xen, a)nh\r e)n me\n toi=s plei/stois ou)deno\s deu/teros tw=n kaq' au(to\n basile/wn geno/menos, peri\ de\ ta\ spoudaio/tata kai\ ka/llista mei/zwn kai\ lampro/teros. o(/s ge prw=ton me\n paralabw\n para\ tou= patro\s th\n basilei/an sunestalme/nhn tele/ws ei)s o)li/ga kai\ lita\ polisma/tia tai=s megi/stais tw=n kaq' au(to\n dunasteiw=n e)fa/millon e)poi/hse th\n i)di/an a)rxh/n, ou) tu/xh| to\ plei=on sunergw=| xrw/menos, ou)d' e)k peripetei/as, a)lla\ dia\ th=s a)gxinoi/as kai\ filoponi/as, e)/ti de\ pra/cews th=s au(tou=. deu/teron filodoco/tatos e)genh/qh kai\ plei/stas me\n tw=n kaq' au(to\n basile/wn po/leis *(ellhni/das eu)hrge/thse, plei/stous de\ kat' i)di/an a)nqrw/pous e)swmatopoi/hsen. tri/ton a)delfou\s e)/xwn trei=s, kai\ kata\ th\n h(liki/an kai\ pra=cin pa/ntas tou/tous sune/sxe peiqarxou=ntas au(tw=| kai\ doruforou=ntas kai\ sw/|zontas to\ th=s basilei/as a)ci/wma. tou=to de\ spani/ws eu(/roi tis a)\n gegono/s. o( de\ *eu)me/nhs ou(=tos u(po\ *)antigo/nou a)nairei=tai, a)nh\r sofw/teros h)\ kata\ tou\s loipou\s tw=n *makedo/nwn do/cas ei)=nai kai\ a)nepi/lhptos e)n strathgi/ais, w(s kai\ tw=| e)/peita xro/nw| parasxei=n o)/noma.
[1] i.e. Eumenes II of Pergamon (king 197-159/8); OCD(4) s.v. Eumenes(2). After the opening phrase, the first and principal paragraph of this entry is a verbatim quotation from Polybius 32.8.1-7; cf. under pi 1242.
[2] The Suda reads prosantei=xen; the regular text of Polybios has prosanei=xen, 'was relying on'.
[3] Attalos I (ruled 241-197).
[4] The regular text of Polybios lacks the the paragogic nu of e)swmatopoi/hsen.
[5] Editors of Polybios mark a lacuna after pra=cin.
[6] In fact Eumenes II of Pergamon died of natural causes. The compiler has confused him with Eumenes of Kardia, one of Alexander's Successors, who was pursued across Asia Minor by Antigonos I Monophthalmos and captured in 316 (Diodorus Siculus 19.44.2).
G. Shipley, The Greek World after Alexander: 323-30 BC (London and New York: Routledge, 2000) 315-17 for Eumenes II (and 46-7 for Eumenes of Kardia)
Keywords: biography; ethics; geography; historiography; history; medicine; military affairs; politics
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 6 January 2001@06:13:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented bibliography; added note and keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 7 January 2001@06:33:23.
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaking) on 7 November 2012@08:19:43.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@08:47:02.


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