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Headword: *bi/aioi
Adler number: beta,279
Translated headword: violent
Vetting Status: high
[Violent] were these men: Phalaris[1], Echetos[2], Dionysius,[3] and the tyrant of the Cassandreians,[4] [the last of these] exceeding all bounds in lawlessness; also Liggis, illegitimate brother of Illos -- he too [was] violent.[5]
Greek Original:
*bi/aioi ou(=toi e)gi/nonto: *fa/laris, *)/exetos, *dionu/sios kai\ o( *kassandre/wn tu/rannos, u(perbalw\n paranomi/a|: kai\ *li/ggis, a)delfo\s *)/illou no/qos, kai\ ou(=tos bi/aios.
Probably from late historiography, but source unidentifiable.
[1] See phi 43: Sicilian tyrant (c. 570-549) who killed his enemies by roasting them in a brazen bull. See OCD(4) s.v.
[2] See epsilon 3996: wicked king of Epirus who mutilated his victims, according to Homer, Odyssey 18.85-87, 166, 21.308.
[3] See delta 1178: Dionysius I of Syracuse, who was "portrayed by the anecdotal tradition, above all by the Academy, as the archetypal tyrant--paranoid, oppressive, obsessed with power" (OCD(4) s.v. "Dionysius(1)").
[4] This unnamed "tyrant of the Cassandreians" (formerly Poteidaians) is Apollodorus. According to Polyaenus, Stratagems 6.7, Apollodorus "became the most murderous and cruel tyrant of all who had been tyrants both among the Greeks and the barbarians" (trans. P. Krentz and E.L. Wheeler).
[5] Cross-referenced at lambda 501; otherwise unknown, but for Illo(u)s see iota 324.
Keywords: biography; epic; ethics; historiography; history; law; mythology
Translated by: Craig Gibson on 22 June 2003@00:21:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (rearranged headword and translation; modified two notes; added x-refs; augmented keywords) on 23 June 2003@04:30:33.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 28 May 2012@07:29:24.
David Whitehead on 28 May 2012@07:29:40.
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 16 June 2012@01:41:33.
David Whitehead (updated OCD refs) on 1 August 2014@05:38:45.
David Whitehead (note typo) on 28 January 2015@05:38:56.
David Whitehead (modified primary note) on 29 January 2015@04:29:48.


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