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Headword: *)arsa/khs
Adler number: alpha,4015
Translated headword: Arsakes, Arsaces
Vetting Status: high
King of [the] Parthians; he died after being struck by a spear against his rib in battle, a man most attractive in body and most pleasing to look at and most kingly in spirit and most experienced in the works of war; and whereas [he was] most gentle to every subject, [he was] most vigorous in putting down revolts. And [the] Parthians missed this man very much.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the term] Arsakids/Arsacids, [meaning] the Persians' kings.
Arsakes, the Parthian, having expelled the Macedonians who ruled the Persian empire for 203 years,[2] handed the kingdom over to the Parthians. Hence the Persian kings were called Arsacids.[3]
Greek Original:
*)arsa/khs, *pa/rqwn basileu/s: o(\s do/rati plhgei\s e)n th=| ma/xh| kata\ th\n pleura\n qnh/|skei, a)nh\r geno/menos to/ te sw=ma ka/llistos kai\ periblepto/tatos kai\ th\n yuxh\n basilikw/tatos kai\ toi=s e)s po/lemon e)/rgois dahmone/statos, kai\ e)s me\n to\ u(ph/koon pa=n prao/tatos, e)s kaqai/resin de\ tou= a)nqistame/nou e)rrwmene/statos. kai\ tou=ton *parquai=oi/ te e)s ta\ ma/lista e)po/qhsan. kai\ *)arsaki/dai, oi( *persw=n basilei=s. *)arsa/khs, o( *parquai=os, tou\s *makedo/nas krath/santas th=s *persw=n a)rxh=s e)/th s#4g e)kbalw\n *pa/rqois th\n basilei/an parade/dwken. e)/nqen *)arsaki/dai e)klh/qhsan oi( *persw=n basilei=s.
On the Arsacids in general see OCD(4) s.v. (p.170).
[1] cf. Arrian, Parthica fr. 19 Roos-Wirth.
[2] However precisely calculated, this period of time is far too long to mark the initial appearance of the Arsacids in the mid C3 BCE.
[3] The source of this material is unidentifiable. (It is truncated, and debased, in Hesychius, to the summary entry: a)/rsakes: oi( basilei=s *persw=n)
Keywords: aetiology; biography; chronology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 8 April 2001@19:27:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and translation; added notes and keywords) on 22 April 2001@09:41:16.
Catharine Roth on 25 August 2002@02:07:28.
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 25 August 2002@07:39:53.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 13 April 2012@05:12:53.
David Whitehead on 13 April 2012@05:13:16.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@03:54:31.


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