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Headword: Pheidias
Adler number: phi,246
Translated headword: Pheidias, Phidias
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A sculptor, who created a statue of Athena in ivory.[1] When Pericles was putting the accounts in order he overlooked 50 talents, and to avoid undergoing an audit[2] he stirred up a war.[3] And [there is] a saying: "Pheidias might be connected with peace," as a craftsman. And that very attractive [goddess Peace] is introduced.[4]
Polybius [writes]: "Lucius Aemilius was present at the sanctuary at Olympia and when had gazed upon the statue[5] he was dumbstruck and said something like, 'It seems to me that only Pheidias has represented what Zeus is like in Homer'. He had found the reality of Olympia even greater than his high expectations."[6]
And elsewhere: "just like, I think, Myrmekides tackling the art of Pheidias".[7]
Greek Original:
Pheidias, agalmatopoios, hos elephantinês Athênas eikona epoiêse. Periklês de epi tois analômasi tachtheis enosphisato n# talanta kai hina mê dôi tas euthunas, polemon ekinêse. kai paroimia: Pheidias prosêkoi eirênêi, katho technitês. eumorphos de ekeinê eisagetai. Polubios: Leukios Aimilios parên eis to temenos to en Olumpiai kai to agalma theasamenos exeplagê kai toiouton eipen, hoti monos autôi dokei Pheidias ton par' Homêrôi Dia memimêsthai: dioti megalên echôn prosdokian tês Olumpias, meizô tês prosdokias heurêkôs eiê tên alêtheian. kai authis: kathaper, oimai, Murmêkidên antitattomenon têi Pheidiou technêi.
Notes:
On Pheidias see generally OCD(4) s.v. Phidias.
[1] In the Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis. It was actually gold-and-ivory (chryselephantine), like the Olympian Zeus mentioned below.
[2] cf. epsilon 3511.
[3] (The Peloponnesian War, 431-404 BCE.) For the material of the entry so far, cf. the scholia to Aristophanes, Peace 605, where Pheidias is mentioned. See further, next note.
[4] This section of the entry stems from the scholia to Aristophanes, Peace 616, where the quoted phrase occurs: "nor had I heard how Pheidias might be connected with her".
[5] The chryselephantine Zeus done by Pheidias there.
[6] Polybius 30.10.6, on L. Aemilius Paullus (OCD(4) p.21).
[7] cf. gamma 118. Myrmekides appears to be a proper name but is not necessarily a real person; there is an etymological connection with ants.
Keywords: art history; biography; comedy; daily life; economics; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; religion; stagecraft; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 29 March 2000@12:20:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes and bibliography) on 17 January 2001@11:21:07.
David Whitehead (tweaked translation; augmented notes and keywords) on 21 March 2006@07:47:57.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 9 August 2011@05:35:50.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2011@05:37:04.
Catharine Roth (deleted links) on 5 October 2013@00:39:12.
David Whitehead on 6 December 2013@09:40:10.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@10:47:58.

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