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Headword: *ceniko/s
Adler number: xi,34
Translated headword: alien
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] strange, foreign.
"When he saw an alien image and a non-native sacrifice, he behaved insultingly [literally: drunkenly] towards the object of honor."[1]
"Alien mercenaries are generally quite useful during wars."[2]
The Athenians, unwilling to fight on their own against the Corinthians because of the risk, hired foreigners [xenoi] for the war and paid them. They used to do this in many of their wars, and they called it a xenikon.[3]
Greek Original:
*ceniko/s: o( ce/nos, o( a)llo/trios. w(s ei)=den a)/galma ceniko\n kai\ i(erourgi/an ou)k e)pixw/rion ei)s to\ timw/menon parw/|nhsen. oi( cenikoi\ misqofo/roi topara/pan ei)w/qasi xrhsimeu/ein e)n pole/mois. o(/ti oi( *)aqhnai=oi, mh\ boulo/menoi di' e(autw=n polemei=n pro\s *korinqi/ous dia\ to\n ki/ndunon, misqou/menoi ce/nous ei)s to\n po/lemon e)/trefon au)tou/s. tou=to de\ e)n polloi=s tw=n pole/mwn diepra/ttonto: o(/per ceniko\n e)ka/loun.
[1] Aelian fr. 39b Domingo-Forasté (36 Hercher) (on the irreligious behaviour of the Persian King Artaxerxes Ochus in Egypt; cf. alpha 3201, omega 284).
[2] Quotation unidentifiable.
[3] See already xi 33. This material comes from the scholia on Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 173, cited there.
Keywords: art history; biography; comedy; definition; economics; ethics; food; history; military affairs; religion
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 16 February 2000@14:08:40.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied headword; added notes and keywords) on 23 May 2001@10:04:09.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 22 May 2002@20:41:49.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; augmented notes and keywords; raised status) on 28 August 2007@09:37:21.
Catharine Roth (updated reference, added cross-reference) on 17 April 2011@19:20:53.
Catharine Roth (restorative cosmetics) on 1 April 2012@01:16:51.
David Whitehead (another keyword; adjustments) on 18 June 2013@09:14:29.


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