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Headword: Ξεναγῶν
Adler number: xi,20
Translated headword: foreigner-leading, mercenary-leading
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning one who is] foreigner-receiving.[1]
In Thucydides the commanders of the mercenaries [sc. are xenagoi];[1] for they used to call mercenaries "foreigners" [xenoi].[2]
"And the xenagoi of each city superintended and forced people into the task [sc. of building the siege mound at Plataea]".[3]
Greek Original:
Ξεναγῶν: ξενοδοχῶν. παρὰ Θουκυδίδῃ οἱ ἄρχοντες τῶν μισθοφόρων: ξένους γὰρ ἐκάλουν τοὺς μισθοφόρους. οἱ τε ξεναγοὶ ἑκάστης πόλεως ξυνεφεστῶτες ἠνάγκαζον ἐς τὸ ἔργον.
Notes:
[1] This present participle (masculine nominative singular) has the same glossing in other lexica (references at Photius xi12 Theodoridis) and must be quoted from somewhere; perhaps from Demosthenes 23.148, where it refers to Charidemus (chi 102).
[2] From the scholia to Thucydides 2.75.3 (about to be quoted: see next note). See generally xi 19.
[3] Thucydides 2.75.3, which actually exemplifies a rather different meaning ("the Spartan officers regularly attached to allied Peloponnesian contingents, in joint control with each city's own commanding officers": A.W. Gomme, A Historical Commentary on Thucydides) vol.2 (Oxford 1956) 208).
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric; science and technology
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 16 February 2000@13:28:48.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and translation; added notes and keyword) on 21 September 2000@09:16:41.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 22 May 2002@01:03:21.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 31 May 2007@09:52:01.
David Whitehead (adjustments) on 18 June 2013@08:23:38.

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