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Headword: Ὑηνεία
Adler number: upsilon,79
Translated headword: swinishness
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] stupidity. Aristophanes [writes]: "so that the swinishness of Theagenes does not happen".[1] For this man had been accused of being stupid and gluttonous. He was from Piraeus. He seemed to be both poor and [sc. nevertheless] weakened by wealth; he was also physically fat and swinish. But some call 'swinishness' the stink from pigs; they who in using various foodstuffs defecate with evil smells and dissolve into mud. There was also another [sc. Theagenes], who wrote [a commentary] on Homer; he was accused of effeminacy."[2]
"The current generation, corrupted by an intemperant luxuriousness, focusing its understanding on base and effeminate things, associated with cowardice and complete swinishness, in love with money, eager for servitude, with certainty not performing anything important or free, slavish and weak, measuring happiness with the belly and the genitals, and not making use of a spirit noble in mind, like a body which is left to lie in only one place, becomes enfeebled and is no longer able to move. The life of men who take part in the government right now has been proven to be of that kind and much more debased."[3]
But ὑηνία [also means] kinship.[4]
Greek Original:
Ὑηνεία: μωρία. Ἀριστοφάνης: ἵνα μὴ γένηται Θεαγένους ὑηνία. διεβέβλητο γὰρ οὗτος ὡς μωρὸς καὶ συώδης. ἦν δὲ ἐκ Πειραιῶς. ἐδόκει δὲ καὶ πένης εἶναι καὶ θρύπτεσθαι ἐπὶ πλούτῳ: ἦν δὲ καὶ τὸ σῶμα παχὺς καὶ χοιρώδης. τινὲς δὲ ὑηνείαν τὴν δυσωδίαν τὴν ἐκ τῶν χοίρων φασίν: οἵπερ διαφόροις ἐδέσμασι χρώμενοι δυσώδη ἀποπατοῦσι καὶ εἰς βόρβορον διαλύονται. ἦν δὲ καὶ ἄλλος, ὁ εἰς Ὅμηρον γράψας: ὃς ἐπὶ μαλακίᾳ διεβάλλετο. ἡ νῦν γενεὰ ὑπὸ τρυφῆς ἀκολάστου διεφθαρμένη, ταπεινὰ καὶ γυναικεῖα φρονοῦσα, δειλίᾳ σύνοικος καὶ πάσῃ ὑηνείᾳ, φιλοχρήμων, μικροπρεπής, δουλεύειν ἐθέλουσα, ἀσφαλῶς οὐδέν τι μέγα οὐδὲ ἐλεύθερον διαπραττομένη, ἀνδραποδώδης καὶ ἀσθενής, γαστρὶ καὶ αἰδοίοις ἀεὶ τὴν εὐδαιμονίαν μετροῦσα οὔτε θυμῷ γενναίῳ χρωμένη: οἷον σῶμα παρειμένον ἐν μιᾷ χώρᾳ κείμενον, ἐκνενευρισμένον, οὐδὲ κινεῖσθαι ἔτι δυνάμενον. τοιάνδε εἶναι καὶ πολλῷ χαμαιπετεστέραν ἐπεδείκνυε τὴν ζωὴν τῶν νῦν ἐν τῇ γενέσει πολιτευομένων. Ὑηνία δὲ ἡ συγγένεια.
Notes:
cf. upsilon 78. The headword is more commonly written ὑηνία .
[1] Aristophanes, Peace 928 (web address 1).
[2] Quoted from the scholia to the above verse. According to theta 81 (q.v.), these are two different persons, one the Homeric scholar Theagenes of Rhegium (6th century BCE; see n. 1 under theta 81) and the other someone effeminate. See also the scholia to Aristophanes, Birds 822 (web address 2), and epsilon 361.
[3] Damascius fr. 30a Zintzen (22 Asmus). Also under psi 164 (q.v.); cf. upsilon 78.
[4] For this sense of ὑηνία (not registered in LSJ s.v.) see also ps.-Zonaras s.v.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; epic; ethics; food; gender and sexuality; geography; medicine; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 21 July 2009@06:58:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 21 July 2009@09:19:49.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 22 July 2009@01:04:55.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 19 November 2013@09:43:57.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 20 November 2013@01:37:26.

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