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Headword: Ὑποφόνια
Adler number: upsilon,633
Translated headword: blood-money, murder-price, were-geld, wergild
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The monies given because of a homicide to the relatives of the killed person by the one bearing the responsibility that he killed, in order that they not prosecute and that there be no suit for homicide are called hypophonia. Dinarchus[1] and Theophrastus[2] [sc. use the term] in this way.
Greek Original:
Ὑποφόνια: τὰ ἐπὶ τῷ φόνῳ διδόμενα χρήματα τοῖς οἰκείοις τοῦ ἀναιρεθέντος ὑπὸ τοῦ τὴν αἰτίαν ἔχοντος, ὅτι ἀνῄρηκεν, ἵνα μὴ ἐπεξίωσιν, ἐπὶ τῷ μὴ ἐπεξέρχεσθαι μηδὲ γενέσθαι τὴν τοῦ φόνου δίκην ὑποφόνια καλεῖται. οὕτως Δείναρχος καὶ Θεόφραστος.
Notes:
The headword is neuter plural.
[1] Dinarchus fr. 10.5 and 19.13 Conomis. Harpocration, the Suda's immediate source, identifies the speeches as Against Callisthenes and Against Phormisios.
[2] Theophrastus 644 FHS&G. Harpocration says Theophrastus' discussion was in book 16 of the Laws (fr. 12 S-M).
Reference:
D.M. MacDowell, Athenian Homicide Law in the Age of the Orators (Manchester 1963) 8-10
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; law; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: David Mirhady on 25 July 2008@18:44:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 July 2008@04:20:42.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 13 July 2011@09:19:58.
Matthew Farmer (Corrected translation) on 14 March 2017@13:14:41.

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