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Headword: Ὑποκρίνεσθαι
Adler number: upsilon,526
Translated headword: to answer
Vetting Status: high
The ancients [sc. used this verb to mean] to reply.[1] And hence [comes the noun] actor (ὑποκριτὴς ), he who is replying to the chorus. Thucydides [in book] 7 [writes]: “if they did not answer, they were killed”.[2] Also the Ionian [writers]; thus Herodotus [writes]: “after they answered [with] these things, they departed from the Athenians”.[3]
Polybius [writes]: “some of the young men went to meet the people around Gaius, joking with one another, as if they were answering those returning from a carouse; they were even more changed by the drink”.[4]
Greek Original:
Ὑποκρίνεσθαι: τὸ ἀποκρίνεσθαι οἱ παλαιοί. καὶ ὁ ὑποκριτὴς ἐντεῦθεν, ὁ ἀποκρινόμενος τῷ χορῷ. Θουκυδίδης ζ#: εἰ δ' οὐδὲν ὑπεκρίνοντο, διεφθείροντο. καὶ οἱ Ἴωνες: οὕτως Ἡρόδοτος: οἱ μὲν ταῦτα ὑποκρινάμενοι Ἀθηναίων ἀπηλλάττοντο. Πολύβιος: τινὲς δὲ τῶν νεανίσκων ἀπήντων τοῖς περὶ Γαί̈ον, προσπαίζοντες ἀλλήλοις, ὡς ἂν ὑποκρινόμενοι τοὺς ἐκ συνουσίας ἐπανάγοντας: ἔτι δὲ μᾶλλον ἠλλοιωμένοι ὑπὸ τῆς μέθης.
[1] Simply a difference of prepositional prefix (hypo- or apo-) in the Greek.
[2] An approximation of Thucydides 7.44.5-6 (web address 1).
[3] An approximation of Herodotus 8.144.5 (web address 2).
[4] Polybius 8.27.4-5 (web address 3); cf. delta 582 and sigma 1601.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; historiography; history; stagecraft
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 20 April 2008@15:15:25.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 21 April 2008@04:30:17.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2011@10:32:29.


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