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Headword: Ὑβριστότερος
Adler number: upsilon,21
Translated headword: more insolent
Vetting Status: high
Xenophon [writes]: "when soldiers think they are being neglected, the good ones become much more despondent, the bad ones much more insolent".[1]
And elsewhere: "[there is] nothing more presumptuous than a crowd that has rushed to anger and lawlessness".[2]
Greek Original:
Ὑβριστότερος. Ξενοφῶν: οἱ ἀμελεῖσθαι δοκοῦντες στρατιῶται, οἱ μὲν ἀγαθοὶ πολὺ ἀθυμότεροι γίνονται, οἱ δὲ πονηροὶ πολὺ ὑβριστότεροι. καὶ αὖθις: οὐδὲν ὑβριστικώτερον ὄχλου πρὸς ὀργὴν καὶ παρανομίαν ὁρμήσαντος.
The unglossed headword, masculine nominative singular, might be generated by the first quotation given (which uses the corresponding plural); alternatively, if it is extracted from somewhere in its own right, the likeliest place is Xenophon, Anabasis 5.8.3.
[1] Xenophon, Cyropaedia 5.5.41 (web address 1).
[2] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable. (It uses the comparative of an adjective related to the headword, ὑβριστικός .) Bernhardy noted that the passage was imitating Herodotus 3.81.1 (web address 2); Adler tentatively ascribes it to Aelian.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; law; military affairs
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 25 December 2008@15:24:55.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, more keywords) on 25 December 2008@18:52:58.
Catharine Roth (augmented note, added cross-reference) on 25 December 2008@19:02:25.
David Whitehead (modified keywords; tweaks) on 26 December 2008@10:51:28.
Catharine Roth (augmented note, upgraded link, raised status) on 24 January 2011@18:32:12.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 24 January 2011@18:35:53.
David Whitehead (tweak) on 30 January 2011@05:00:46.
David Whitehead on 14 November 2013@07:54:32.
David Whitehead (codings) on 29 May 2016@10:06:12.


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