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Headword: Ὑπάρχων
Adler number: upsilon,161
Translated headword: beginning
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning one who is] initiating first. "As [someone] not beginning [sc. a quarrel], but being avenged."[1] And ὑπάρχειν means not simply being, but being long ago, and to come first, to anticipate. Menander [writes]: "not for having been invited ought you to be well-inclined toward you;[2] rather, this [frame of mind ought] to exist."[3]
Greek Original:
Ὑπάρχων: προκατάρχων. ὡς οὐχ ὑπάρχων, ἀλλὰ τιμωρούμενος. καὶ τὸ ὑπάρχειν οὐχ ἁπλῶς τὸ εἶναι σημαίνει, ἀλλὰ τὸ πάλαι εἶναι, καὶ προεῖναι, φθάνειν. Μένανδρος: οὐχὶ παρακληθέντας ὑμᾶς δεῖ γὰρ ὑμῖν εὐνοεῖν, ἀλλὰ ὑπάρχειν τοῦτο.
Notes:
The headword is the present active participle, masculine nominative singular, of the verb ὑπάρχω ; cf. e.g. omega 237, upsilon 433, pi 595, pi 634, pi 635. Same entry in Photius (upsilon79 Theodoridis) and elsewhere.
[1] Here Adler attributes this to Aristarchus [alpha 3893] fr.4 Nauck (p.729); but cf. omega 237, where the line is attributed to Chaeremon [chi 170]. The reference is TGrF 71 F3; cf. Theodoridis.
[2] Adler prints the transmitted ὑμῖν , 'toward you', but notes in her apparatus the surely correct view (orthodox since Tyrwhitt and Porson) that it has to be emended to ἡμῖν , 'toward us'.
[3] Menander fr. 927 Kock, 580 K.-A. (Edmonds p.800).
References:
A. Nauck, ed., Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, 2nd. ed., Leipzig: Teubner, 1889
J.M. Edmonds, The Fragments of Attic Comedy, vol. III B, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1961
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; tragedy
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 11 September 2007@01:15:24.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified n.2; tweaks and cosmetics) on 11 September 2007@03:45:27.
David Whitehead on 11 September 2007@03:45:56.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 11 September 2007@11:36:46.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 29 September 2010@08:37:37.
David Whitehead on 20 November 2013@09:09:55.

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