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Headword: Ὕβρις φυτεύει τύραννον
Adler number: upsilon,15
Translated headword: outrageous violence nurtures a tyrant
Vetting Status: high
"Violence [does this], if sated to no good purpose with much that is out of season and inappropriate."[1] Through violence, he is saying, the tyrant renews himself. And when, he is saying, he has accomplished many things, then it is that he falls into great constraint, encouraged by violence. For this is what is meant by "having scaled the most precipitous height, he rushes on into constraint."
"For violations of his own children were not, by being so common, considered violations; rather, it was an everyday and easy matter for him to carry out such sins." Eunapius says [this] about Carinus [the] emperor.[2]
Greek Original:
Ὕβρις φυτεύει τύραννον. ὕβρις, εἰ πολλῶν ὑπερπλησθῇ μάταν, ἃ μὴ 'πίκαιρα μηδὲ συμφέροντα. διὰ τῆς ὕβρεως, φησίν, ἀνανεοῦται ὁ τύραννος. καὶ ὅταν, φησί, πολλὰ διαπράξηται, τότε εἰς μεγάλην ἀνάγκην ἐμπίπτει, διὰ τῆς ὕβρεως ἐπαρθείς. τοῦτο γὰρ σημαίνει τό, ἀκροτάταν εἰσαναβᾶσ' ἀπότομον ὤρουσεν εἰς ἀνάγκαν. παίδων μὲν γὰρ οἱ γεγονότων ὕβρεις διὰ τὸ σύνηθες οὐδὲ ὕβρεις ἐνομίσθησαν: ἀλλ' ἦν ἐγκύκλιον αὐτῷ καὶ πρόχειρον τοιαῦτα ἁμαρτάνειν. Εὐνάπιός φησι περὶ Καρίνου βασιλέως.
[1] The headword phrase, running on into the entry itself, quotes Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus 873-5 (web address 1); comment from the scholia to 873 now follows, with further quotation (876-7). For the sentiment cf. Solon fr.6 West and Theognis 153: hybris child of excess (κόρος ). Euripides: hybris born of success (εὐπραχία , fr.437) and wealth (πλοῦτος , fr. 438). Dionysius (4th c. tragedian): "Hybris is the mother of injustice" (ἀδικίας ).
[2] Eunapius 212.17-20 Dindorf; cf. epsilon 133, kappa 391. (Marcus Aurelius Carinus, Roman emperor 283-284, elder son of the emperor Carus, and reportedly assassinated by a tribune whose wife he had seduced. See Vopiscus, Carinus (recital of his crimes); Aurelius Victor, De Caesaribus, 38, Epit. 38; Eutropius ix.8-20; Zonaras xii.30; Orosius vii. 25; RE ii. 24 if.).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: children; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; tragedy
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 20 May 2002@09:20:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 20 May 2002@09:43:40.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 6 October 2005@10:17:10.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 10 October 2005@08:58:20.
David Whitehead (tweaked end of tr) on 7 March 2006@09:48:30.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, status) on 21 January 2011@19:04:09.
David Whitehead on 14 November 2013@07:36:46.


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