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Headword: Θυμοβαρής
Adler number: theta,567
Translated headword: heavy-spirited
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning she who is] grieving in the soul; "beside the tomb of Ajax on the wave-washed shores I sit, grieving, heavy-spirited Areta."[1]
Greek Original:
Θυμοβαρής: τὴν ψυχὴν ἀλγυνομένη: σῆμα παρ' Αἰάντειον ἐπιρροιτηί̈σιν ἀκταῖς θυμοβαρὴς ἀρετὰ μύρομαι ἑζομένα.
Notes:
The headword adjective is extracted from the quotation.
[1] Greek Anthology 7.146.1-2 (Antipater of Sidon), quoted more fully at pi 1620. ['Wave-washed' renders the term ἐπιρροιτηί̈σιν , found here and in the Palatine ms of the Anthology. The Planudean ms is more likely to be correct: ἐπι Ῥοιτηίσιν ἀκταῖς ('upon the Rhoitean shores'), a reference to Cape Rhoitaion in the Troad where Ajax was buried.] 'Areta' is the Doric form of the word ἀρετή ('virtue', 'valor'), here personified, and grieving because deceit, not virtue, was the winner in the judgment over the arms of Achilles (the judgment that ultimately led to Ajax's death).
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; geography; mythology; poetry; women
Translated by: William Hutton on 23 February 2008@17:50:48.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 23 February 2008@22:24:09.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; x-ref; more keywords) on 24 February 2008@04:40:51.
William Hutton (augmented note) on 24 February 2008@06:31:25.
David Whitehead on 7 January 2013@06:15:44.

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