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Headword: Θωύ̈σσοντες
Adler number: theta,448
Translated headword: howling
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning they] yelling. Homer [writes]: "howling loud".[1]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] 'howling dog',[2] [meaning] one which barks.
Also [sc. attested is] "howled", [meaning he/she/it] cried out. Sophocles [writes]: "and as he scanned the room full of his disastrous madness, he struck his head and he howled".[3] And "howled" [can also mean], called, shouted.[4]
Greek Original:
Θωύ̈σσοντες: ὑλακτοῦντες. Ὅμηρος: βαρύβρωμα θωύ̈σσοντες. καὶ Θωϋκτὴρ κύων, ὁ ὑλακτικός. καὶ Θώϋξεν, ἀνεβόησε. Σοφοκλῆς: καὶ πλῆρες ἄτης ὡς διοπτεύει στέγος, παίσας κάρα θώϋξεν. καὶ θώϋξεν, ἐκάλεσεν, ἐβόησεν.
Notes:
The headword is present participle, masculine nominative plural, of the verb θωύ̈σσω ; see also ps.-Zonaras s.vv. θωύ̈σει and θωύ̈σσοντες , and Hesychius (and, post-Suda, Etymologicum Magnum) s.v. θωύ̈σσειν . The verb is attested primarily in tragedy: see e.g. Aeschylus, Agamemnon 893 (web address 1), Sophocles, Ajax 308 (web address 2, quoted here; see below, note 3) and 335 (web address 3), and Euripides, Hecuba 113 (web address 4) and Orestes 168 (web address 5); see also the corresponding scholia for more glosses of the verb.
[1] [Homer] fr. 26 Davies (17 Kinkel); read however βαρύβρομα for the Suda's βαρύβρωμα ; cf. beta 127.
[2] Perhaps from Greek Anthology 16.91.5 (accusative case); cf. ps.-Zonaras s.vv. θωϋκτήρ and θωύ̈σσοντες .
[3] Sophocles, Ajax 307-8, with scholion.
[4] From the scholia to Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 1624 (where this verb also occurs).
Reference:
Davies, M. (ed.), Epicorum graecorum fragmenta, Göttingen 1988
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4,
Web address 5
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; poetry; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 4 October 2007@14:49:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 5 October 2007@03:32:31.
David Whitehead on 5 October 2007@06:46:13.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 6 January 2013@05:20:17.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 28 August 2013@21:41:56.
David Whitehead (coding) on 28 April 2016@05:19:32.

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