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Headword: *qwu/+ssontes
Adler number: theta,448
Translated headword: howling
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning they] yelling. Homer [writes]: "howling loud".[1]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] 'howling dog',[2] [meaning] one which barks.
Also [sc. attested is] "howled", [meaning he/she/it] cried out. Sophocles [writes]: "and as he scanned the room full of his disastrous madness, he struck his head and he howled".[3] And "howled" [can also mean], called, shouted.[4]
Greek Original:
*qwu/+ssontes: u(laktou=ntes. *(/omhros: baru/brwma qwu/+ssontes. kai\ *qwu+kth\r ku/wn, o( u(laktiko/s. kai\ *qw/u+cen, a)nebo/hse. *sofoklh=s: kai\ plh=res a)/ths w(s diopteu/ei ste/gos, pai/sas ka/ra qw/u+cen. kai\ qw/u+cen, e)ka/lesen, e)bo/hsen.
The headword is present participle, masculine nominative plural, of the verb qwu/+ssw; see also ps.-Zonaras s.vv. qwu/+sei and qwu/+ssontes, and Hesychius (and, post-Suda, Etymologicum Magnum) s.v. qwu/+ssein. The verb is attested primarily in tragedy: see e.g. Aeschylus, Agamemnon 893 (web address 1), Sophocles, Ajax 308 (web address 2, quoted here; see below, note 3) and 335 (web address 3), and Euripides, Hecuba 113 (web address 4) and Orestes 168 (web address 5); see also the corresponding scholia for more glosses of the verb.
[1] [Homer] fr. 26 Davies (17 Kinkel); read however baru/broma for the Suda's baru/brwma; cf. beta 127.
[2] Perhaps from Greek Anthology 16.91.5 (accusative case); cf. ps.-Zonaras s.vv. qwu+kth/r and qwu/+ssontes.
[3] Sophocles, Ajax 307-8, with scholion.
[4] From the scholia to Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 1624 (where this verb also occurs).
Davies, M. (ed.), Epicorum graecorum fragmenta, Göttingen 1988
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4,
Web address 5
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; poetry; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 4 October 2007@14:49:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 5 October 2007@03:32:31.
David Whitehead on 5 October 2007@06:46:13.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 6 January 2013@05:20:17.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 28 August 2013@21:41:56.
David Whitehead (coding) on 28 April 2016@05:19:32.


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