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Headword: Θωρυκίων
Adler number: theta,444
Translated headword: Thorykion
Vetting Status: high
This man was a taxiarch of the Athenians[1] in the Peloponnesian [wars]; he sent pitch to the enemies so that they could set fire to their own[2] city; hence, once he had been discovered [doing this], he was lampooned in comedy for treason. But others [say] that [the speaker is referring to one who is] imitating the Thorykion who was an Aiginetan taxiarch, a traitor, who sent oar-liners and sails and pitch to Epidauros, or provided money for the ships of the enemy.[3]
Greek Original:
Θωρυκίων: οὗτος ταξίαρχος ἦν ἐν τοῖς Πελοποννησιακοῖς τῶν Ἀθηναίων: ὃς πίσσαν ἔπεμψε τοῖς ἀντιπάλοις εἰς τὸ ἀνάψαι τὴν ἑαυτῶν πόλιν: ὅθεν γνωσθεὶς ἐκωμῳδεῖτο ἐπὶ προδοσίᾳ. οἱ δέ, ὅτι ἀντὶ τὸν Θωρακίω μιμούμενος, ὃς ἦν Αἰγινήτης ταξίαρχος, προδότης, ἀσκώματα καὶ λίνα καὶ πίτταν πέμπων εἰς Ἐπίδαυρον, ἢ χρήματα ταῖς τῶν ἀντιπάλων ναυσὶ παρέχων.
From a scholion to Aristophanes, Frogs 362 (web address 1 below). See also alpha 4183, theta 583.
[1] Commander of one of the ten tribal regiments (tau 92, tau 93).
[2] So the Suda mss, with ἑαυτῶν wrongly for the scholion's ἑαυτοῦ ('his own').
[3] Prosopographical orthodoxy accepts the first of these alternatives. So e.g. PA 7419; J.K. Davies, Wealth and the Power of Wealth in Classical Athens (New York 1981) 151; R. Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 BC (Cambridge 1989) p.188; LGPN ii s.v. no.2.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; economics; ethics; geography; history; military affairs; science and technology
Translated by: William Hutton on 15 June 2001@16:47:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 16 June 2001@09:24:12.
David Whitehead (more x-refs and keywords; cosmetics) on 4 December 2005@09:44:54.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 1 August 2011@04:09:16.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; tweaking) on 6 January 2013@05:03:30.


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