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Headword: Thôrakion
Adler number: theta,438
Translated headword: breastwork, parapet
Vetting Status: high
That [sc. on the back] of an elephant. "Hannibal, general of the Carthaginians, bringing his breastworks of the elephants and, with these mini-houses[1] of the beasts, cutting down the branches to as great a height as possible made the journey on foot safe and easy."
Greek Original:
Thôrakion: to tou elephantos. hoti Annibas ho Karchêdoniôn stratêgos pherôn tôn elephantôn ta thôrakia kai tois tôn thêriôn oikidiois epi pleiston hupsos tous kladous apokoptôn asphalê kai rhaidian tên hodoiporian kateskeuazen.
For the headword see already theta 436, theta 437. The present entry features a quotation cited by Adler as [Polybius] fr. 162b Büttner-Wobst. Büttner-Wobst notes (535) that Stephanus (Henri Estienne, 1531-1598) attributed this fragment to Polybius. Nevertheless, Büttner-Wobst observes -- and endorses -- Schweighäuser's rejection of the fragment (ibid.). Rance (below) argues at length, and with a mass of invaluable detail on historiography in the Suda, that it should be attributed to Diodorus Siculus.
[1] For 'mini-houses' cf. omicroniota 62.
Philip Rance, "An unidentified fragment of Diodorus", Classical Quarterly 59 (2009) 91-111
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
Keywords: biography; botany; definition; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Ryan Stone on 27 February 2008@14:21:45.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, status) on 27 February 2008@18:57:40.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks cosmetics) on 28 February 2008@03:31:54.
David Whitehead (augmented notes, with bibliography) on 28 May 2009@10:23:29.
David Whitehead on 4 January 2013@08:50:25.
Ronald Allen (expanded primary note, added bibliographical entry) on 7 October 2018@12:32:33.


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