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Headword: Θωράκιον
Adler number: theta,438
Translated headword: breastwork, parapet
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
That [sc. on the back] of an elephant. "Hannibal, general of the Carthaginians, bringing his breastworks of the elephants and, with these mini-houses[1] of the beasts, cutting down the branches to as great a height as possible made the journey on foot safe and easy."
Greek Original:
Θωράκιον: τὸ τοῦ ἐλέφαντος. ὅτι Ἀννίβας ὁ Καρχηδονίων στρατηγὸς φέρων τῶν ἐλεφάντων τὰ θωράκια καὶ τοῖς τῶν θηρίων οἰκιδίοις ἐπὶ πλεῖστον ὕψος τοὺς κλάδους ἀποκόπτων ἀσφαλῆ καὶ ῥᾳδίαν τὴν ὁδοιπορίαν κατεσκεύαζεν.
Notes:
For the headword see already theta 436, theta 437. The present entry features a quotation cited by Adler as [Polybius] fr. 162b Büttner-Wobst. Büttner-Wobst notes (535) that Stephanus (Henri Estienne, 1531-1598) attributed this fragment to Polybius. Nevertheless, Büttner-Wobst observes -- and endorses -- Schweighäuser's rejection of the fragment (ibid.). Rance (below) argues at length, and with a mass of invaluable detail on historiography in the Suda, that it should be attributed to Diodorus Siculus.
[1] For 'mini-houses' cf. omicroniota 62.
References:
Philip Rance, "An unidentified fragment of Diodorus", Classical Quarterly 59 (2009) 91-111
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
Keywords: biography; botany; definition; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Ryan Stone on 27 February 2008@14:21:45.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, status) on 27 February 2008@18:57:40.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks cosmetics) on 28 February 2008@03:31:54.
David Whitehead (augmented notes, with bibliography) on 28 May 2009@10:23:29.
David Whitehead on 4 January 2013@08:50:25.
Ronald Allen (expanded primary note, added bibliographical entry) on 7 October 2018@12:32:33.

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