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Headword: Θάμυρις Θαμύρας
Adler number: theta,41
Translated headword: Thamyris or Thamyras
Vetting Status: high
A Thracian, from Edones, the city in Brinkoi;[1] son of Philammon[2] and Arsinoe, eighth epic poet before Homer; but according to others fifth; and some [say he came] from Odryse. This Thamyris was blinded because he insulted the Muses. A Theology in three thousand verses is attributed to him.
And he was the first to be passionate about a boy, called Hymenaios, the son of Kalliope and Magnes. But the Cretans say that a certain Talon was passionate about Rhadamanthys [sc. and was the first to be so].[3] Others [claim] Laios was passionate about Chrysippos, the son of Pelops, as the first [sc. object of such passion].[4] Others [assert] that it was the Italiotes, under campaigning duress, who invented this.[5] But the truth is that it was Zeus himself who was first passionate about Ganymede.[6]
Greek Original:
Θάμυρις ἢ Θαμύρας, Θρᾷξ, ἐξ Ἠδωνῶν, τῆς ἐν Βρίγκοις πόλεως, υἱὸς Φιλάμμωνος καὶ Ἀρσινόης, ἐποποιὸς ὄγδοος πρὸ Ὁμήρου: κατὰ δὲ ἄλλους πέμπτος: οἱ δὲ ἀπ' Ὀδρύσσης. οὗτος ὁ Θάμυρις, ἐπειδὴ εἰς τὰς Μούσας ὕβρισεν, ἐπηρώθη. φέρεται δὲ αὐτοῦ Θεολογία εἰς ἔπη τρισχιλία. καὶ πρῶτος ἠράσθη παιδὸς Ὑμεναίου τοὔνομα, υἱοῦ Καλλιόπης καὶ Μάγνητος. οἱ δὲ Κρῆτά φασί τινα Τάλωνα Ῥαδαμάνθυος ἐρασθῆναι. οἱ δὲ Λάϊόν φασιν ἐρασθῆναι πρώτου Χρυσίππου, τοῦ Πέλοπος υἱοῦ. οἱ δὲ Ἰταλιώτας πρώτους κατ' ἀνάγκην στρατείας εὑρέσθαι τοῦτο. κατὰ δὲ ἀλήθειαν αὐτὸς ὁ Ζεὺς πρῶτος ἠράσθη Γανυμήδους.
For Thamyris see Homer, Iliad 2.594-600; Apollodorus, Library 1.3; OCD(4) s.v.
[1] This means, broadly speaking, Thrace (cf. eta 103, eta 104), but "Brinkoi" (or "Brinka"?) is otherwise unattested and should, it has been suggested, perhaps be Brigoi/Brigoi (cf. Herodotus 7.73 and Steph.Byz, s.v. Briges).
[2] Philammon: phi 300.
[3] For Rhadamanthys see generally rho 12, rho 13. 'Talon' (the form is guaranteed by the Suda's accusative Τάλωνα ; Adler notes von Gutschmid's suggested emendation of it to Τάλων (cf. under sigma 124), but a nominative Τάλων is guaranteed by Hellenistic Cretan coins) is mentioned alongside Rhadamanthys in the spurious Minos attributed to Plato; there they are both assistants to Minos in his lawgiving. This is a rationalization of Talos as the intimidating man of bronze; see in brief OCD(4) s.v. Talos(1).
[4] For Laios and Chrysippos cf. Apollodorus, Library 3.4.
[5] i.e. love between adult males and boys.
[6] For Ganymede see under mu 1092.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; chronology; epic; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; medicine; military affairs; mythology; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 4 May 2006@04:18:54.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 4 May 2006@11:16:05.
David Whitehead (added geographical note) on 5 May 2006@03:20:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 15 February 2008@06:48:05.
David Whitehead on 24 December 2012@05:21:09.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@06:35:56.
David Whitehead (expanded a note, at the prompting of Dr Nick Nicholas) on 24 December 2015@09:10:48.


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