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Headword: Θόλος
Adler number: theta,402
Translated headword: Tholos, Round-House, Rotunda
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A round building [sc. in Athens], in which the prytaneis used to dine. In some special sense it was named the prytaneion, since it was the storehouse [ταμιεῖον ] of wheat [πυρῶν ].
Greek Original:
Θόλος: οἶκος περιφερής, ἐν ᾧ οἱ πρυτάνεις εἱστιῶντο. πρυτανεῖον δέ τι ἰδίως ὠνόμασται, ἐπεὶ πυρῶν ἦν ταμιεῖον.
Notes:
Virtually the same entry in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon (probably generated by the mention of the Tholos in Plato, Apology 32D) and in Photius' Lexicon. For the Tholos see also theta 403.
Although Athens' prytaneis (pi 3000) did dine in the Tholos, the Tholos and the Prytaneion (equated again at pi 2999) were two different structures, and the etymology offered here for the latter is highly dubious.
References:
J.M. Camp, The Athenian Agora (London 1986) 94-95
S.G. Miller, The Prytaneion (Berkeley 1978) 38-66
Keywords: agriculture; architecture; botany; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; history; law; philosophy
Translated by: William Hutton on 8 June 2003@11:07:04.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented headword; modified translation; expanded notes; added bibliography) on 8 June 2003@11:21:23.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 4 January 2013@05:01:56.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword) on 28 April 2016@04:58:26.

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