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Headword: Θίασος
Adler number: theta,379
Translated headword: thiasos, chorus, troop
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] a sacred band/chorus.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] θιασώτης , [meaning] a chorus-member.[2]
[sc. These terms come] from the [verb] θεῖν , which is [to say] θύειν ["to sacrifice"]. The chorus [is so-called] from coming together; for running [is called] θέειν ; or from being possessed by a god [ἐνθουσιᾶν ]. Hence θιασῶται [are] properly the attendants of Dionysus.[3]
"Come dancing into the holy thiasotai". They say this, not συνθιασῶται ["fellow-thiasotai"].[4]
In the Epigrams: "the turning rhombus which spurs on the Bacchic chorus."[5]
Greek Original:
Θίασος: ἱερὸς χορός. καὶ Θιασώτης, ὁ χορευτής. ἀπὸ τοῦ θεῖν, ὅ ἐστι θύειν. ὁ δὲ χορὸς ἀπὸ τῆς συνελεύσεως: θέειν γὰρ τὸ τρέχειν: ἢ ἀπὸ τοῦ ἐνθουσιᾶν. ὅθεν θιασῶται κυρίως οἱ περὶ τὸν Διόνυσον. ἐλθὲ χορεύσων ὁσίους ἐς θιασώτας. οὕτω λέγουσιν, οὐ συνθιασώτας. ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: στρεπτὸν Βασσαρικοῦ ῥόμβον θιάσοιο μύωπα.
Notes:
[1] cf. scholion on Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 41. See also theta 378, theta 380.
[2] Similar glossing in Hesychius, Photius, other lexica, and a scholion on Aristophanes, Frogs 327 (see further below).
[3] cf. Etymologicum Magnum 449.56.
[4] Aristophanes, Frogs 326-7, with scholion.
[5] Greek Anthology 6.165.1 (Phalaecus); cf. beta 140, rho 223, sigma 1193.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; meter and music; poetry; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 25 February 2008@00:04:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more x-refs; tweaks and cosmetics) on 25 February 2008@03:40:23.
David Whitehead on 3 January 2013@09:19:03.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 23 January 2013@01:04:35.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 5 December 2018@00:54:42.
Catharine Roth (another cross-reference) on 5 December 2018@00:59:03.

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