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Headword: Θησείοισιν
Adler number: theta,368
Translated headword: at the Theseia, at the Theseus-festival
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[sc. The Theseia is] a certain festival celebrated amongst the Athenians. For after Theseus gave the Athenians their democracy, a certain Lykos by false slanders got the hero ostracized. He repaired to Skyros and spent time with Lykomedes, dynast of the island -- who out of jealousy killed him guilefully. But the Athenians suffered a famine and were ordered to avenge Theseus, so they killed Lykomedes, and after bringing the bones [of Theseus] back and constructing the Theseion they honored him equal to a god. And there were doles and feasts at the Theseia. And a festival was celebrated for him, since he brought Attica together, when it had previously been inhabited as [separate] villages.[1]
This Theseus, son of Aigeus, an Athenian, made a display of many [wondrous] deeds. For he pacified all the land from Troizen as far as Athens, which had been full of pirates, by killing Kerkyon and Skiron and Sinnis the pine-bender[2] and Periphantos the club-bearer, whose club he himself later carried, and Prokroustes the killer of guests. He also mastered the Amazon host when it came to Athens, and after marrying their queen he got [a son] Hippolytos. Then he married Phaidra. He also waged war against the Centaurs on the side of the Lapiths and King Perithous,[3] and other such things.
Greek Original:
Θησείοισιν: ἑορτή τις τελουμένη παρ' Ἀθηναίοις. μετὰ γὰρ τὸ χαρίσασθαι τὴν δημοκρατίαν τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις τὸν Θησέα, Λύκος τις συκοφαντήσας ἐποίησεν ἐξοστρακισθῆναι τὸν ἥρωα. ὁ δὲ παραγενόμενος ἐς Σκῦρον διῆγε παρὰ Λυκομήδει δυνάστῃ τῆς νήσου: ὃς ζηλοτυπήσας ἀναιρεῖ αὐτὸν δόλῳ. Ἀθηναῖοι δὲ λιμώξαντες καὶ κελευσθέντες ἐκδικῆσαι τῷ Θησεῖ τὸν μὲν Λυκομήδην ἀνεῖλον, τὰ δὲ ὀστᾶ μεταστειλάμενοι καὶ τὸ Θησεῖον οἰκοδομήσαντες ἰσοθέους αὐτῷ τιμὰς νέμουσι. καὶ ἐγίνοντο διανομαὶ καὶ εὐωχίαι τοῖς Θησείοις. ἑορτὴ δὲ αὐτῷ ἐτελεῖτο, ἐπειδὴ αὐτὸς συνήγαγε τὴν Ἀττικήν, πρότερον κατὰ κώμας οἰκουμένην. οὗτος δὲ ὁ Θησεὺς ὁ υἱὸς Αἰγέως, Ἀθηναῖος, πολλὰ ἔργα ἐπεδείξατο. καὶ γὰρ τὸν ἀπὸ Τροιζῆνος χῶρον ἅπαντα ἄχρις Ἀθηνῶν ἡμέρωσε, λῃστῶν ἔμπλεων ὄντα, ἀνελὼν Κερκύονα καὶ Σκίρωνα καὶ Σίννιν τὸν πιτυοκάμπτην καὶ Περίφαντον τὸν κορυνήτην, οὗ τὴν κορύνην αὐτὸς ὕστερον ἐφόρει, καὶ Προκρούστην τὸν ξενοφόνον: καὶ Ἀμαζονίδων στρατὸν ἐλθόντα ἐπ' Ἀθήνας ἐχειρώσατο καὶ τὴν βασιλίδα γήμας ἔσχεν Ἱππόλυτον: εἶτα ἔγημε Φαίδραν. ἐπολεμήθη δὲ αὐτῷ καὶ πρὸς Κενταύρους πόλεμος καὶ ὑπὲρ Λαπιθῶν καὶ Πειρίθου τοῦ βασιλέως, καὶ ἄλλα ἄττα.
Notes:
[1] This first part of the entry comes from the scholia to Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 629, where the locative headword occurs.
[2] sigma 460.
[3] For the Lapiths cf. lambda 115.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; comedy; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; geography; military affairs; mythology; religion; women
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 20 May 2002@22:52:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 21 May 2002@05:03:36.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 4 December 2005@09:40:54.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 20 July 2006@03:09:58.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 17 September 2010@03:29:37.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 3 January 2013@08:25:42.
Catharine Roth (fixed note number) on 3 December 2018@01:43:00.

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