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Headword: Θευδέριχος
Adler number: theta,296
Translated headword: Theuderikhos, Theoderic, Theodoric
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
King[1] of [the] Goths[2] and Italians, he stood out among his subjects, being endowed with whatever is suited to the nature of a king. He was exceptionally concerned with justice and preserved the laws securely. He unfailingly protected his territory from the surrounding barbarians. He reached the height of understanding and courage as much as possible. He neither did practically any injustice himself to his subjects nor entrusted the undertaking of such deeds to anyone else. In name he was a tyrant, but in deed he was a true king no less than any of those who have been approved in this rank from the beginning. Love of him reached a high point among both the Goths and the Italians.
Greek Original:
Θευδέριχος, ῥὴξ Γότθων καὶ Ἰταλιωτῶν, τῶν κατηκόων αὐτοῦ προὔστη, περιβαλλόμενος ὅσα τῷ φύσει βασιλεῖ ἥρμοσται. δικαιοσύνης τε γὰρ ὑπερφυῶς ἐπεμελήσατο καὶ τοὺς νόμους ἐν τῷ βεβαίῳ διεσώσατο, ἔκ τε βαρβάρων τῶν περιοικούντων τὴν χώραν ἀσφαλῶς διεφύλαξε: ξυνέσεώς τε γὰρ καὶ ἀνδρείας ἐς ἄκρον ἐλήλυθεν ὡς μάλιστα καὶ ἀδίκημα σχεδόν τι οὐδὲν οὔτε αὐτὸς ἐς τοὺς ἀρχομένους εἰργάζετο οὔτε τῳ ἄλλῳ τὰ τοιαῦτα ἐγκεχειρηκότι ἐπέτρεπε. καὶ ἦν λόγῳ μὲν τύραννος, ἔργῳ δὲ βασιλεὺς ἀληθὴς τῶν ἐν ταύτῃ τῇ τιμῇ ἐξ ἀρχῆς ηὐδοκιμηκότων οὐδενὸς ἥσσων, ἔρως τε αὐτοῦ ἔν τε Γότθοις καὶ Ἰταλιώταις πολὺς ἤκμασεν.
Notes:
Reigned 493-526. See also theta 297; P.J. Heather in OCD(4) s.v. Theoderic(1); Catholic Encyclopedia entry at web address 1. The present passage is a summary of Procopius, History of the Wars of Justinian 5.1.26-29.
[1] The Greek word basileus occurs twice later in the passage, but this is a straight transliteration of the Latin rex (which Procopius himself had felt the need to gloss); cf. rho 136.
[2] gamma 406.
Reference:
J.J. Arnold, Theoderic and the Roman Imperial Restoration (Cambridge 2014); reviewed BMCR 2015.04.50
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 14 July 2003@00:27:41.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 14 July 2003@03:03:56.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 14 July 2003@03:13:40.
Catharine Roth (added another spelling of the headword) on 24 August 2003@23:54:33.
David Whitehead (tweaked note; added a keyword) on 5 May 2006@04:09:47.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 2 January 2013@05:23:53.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@07:11:24.
David Whitehead (added bibliography) on 29 April 2015@02:45:35.

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