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Headword: Θέσεις
Adler number: theta,262
Translated headword: filings, positions, theses
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the deposits of the prytaneia, which was [= were] a fee for the introduction of the case [sc. to a court]. Aristophanes [writes]: "[it was done] so that the filings might occur on the New Moon."[1]
Eunapius [writes]: "with the Romans pressing hard to this very end, [i.e.] to show them the hopelessness -- with a view to avoiding their total defeat, and capitulation in a disadvantageous treaty -- of their numbers and position and missiles and war-machines and the size of the rivers."[2]
The philosopher Krantor used to say that Theophrastus' theses were written with an oyster shell.[3]
Greek Original:
Θέσεις: αἱ καταβολαὶ τῶν πρυτανείων, ὅπερ μισθὸς ἦν τῆς εἰσαγωγῆς τῆς δίκης. Ἀριστοφάνης: ἵν' αἱ θέσεις γίνοιντο τῇ νουμηνίᾳ. Εὐνάπιος: τῶν δὲ Ῥωμαίων ἐπ' αὐτὸ τοῦτο βιαζομένων ἄπορον αὐτοῖς ἀποδεῖξαι καὶ πλῆθος καὶ θέσιν καὶ βέλη καὶ μηχανὰς καὶ μεγέθη ποταμῶν, πρὸς τὸ μὴ πάντως ἡττᾶσθαι σφῶν, καὶ ὁμολογεῖν εἶναι χείροσιν. ἔλεγε Κράντωρ ὁ φιλόσοφος, τὰς Θεοφράστου θέσεις ὀστρέῳ γεγράφθαι.
The headword is the nominative (and vocative and accusative) plural of the noun θέσις (cf. theta 263), evidently quoted from the Aristophanes extract that follows.
[1] Aristophanes, Clouds 1191 (web address 1), with scholion. On the New Moon, see nu 516.
[2] Eunapius fr. 92 FHG (4.53). Müller suggested there that the passage had been corrupted; Blockley (p. 150) advises otherwise, but classifies it as unplaced, albeit probably genuinely Eunapian (op.cit., p. 121).
[3] Diogenes Laertius 4.27. (For Theophrastus see theta 199; for Krantor see under xi 42.)
R.C. Blockley, The Fragmentary Classicising Historians of the Later Roman Empire: Eunapius, Olympiodorus, Priscus and Malchus, vol. II, Liverpool: Francis Cairns, 1983
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; philosophy; politics; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 30 September 2007@01:07:57.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 30 September 2007@01:30:59.
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 30 September 2007@03:55:03.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 30 September 2007@18:53:33.
David Whitehead on 1 January 2013@09:02:35.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 15 November 2018@22:12:01.


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