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Headword: Θερμοπύλαι
Adler number: theta,248
Translated headword: Thermopylai, Thermopylae
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A place in Athens,[1] called thus by most Hellenes, but [called] Pylai[2] by the locals [and] those who dwell around.[3]
Greek Original:
Θερμοπύλαι: τόπος Ἀθήνησι οὕτω καλεόμενος ὑπὸ τῶν πλεόνων Ἑλλήνων, ὑπὸ δὲ τῶν ἐπιχωρίων περιοίκων Πύλαι.
Notes:
See also theta 249.
[1] Not, of course, in or even near Athens (so that word was deleted in the editio princeps) but on the east coast of central Greece, opposite the north end of Euboia. Site of the famous defeat of the Greeks by the Persians in 480 BCE, when the three hundred Spartans under king Leonidas sacrificed their lives to allow the other Greeks to escape. See Perseus Encyclopedia entry at web address 1.
[2] Simply 'the gates', as opposed to Thermopylai, 'the hot gates', so called from the hot springs nearby.
[3] Herodotos 7.201.1 (web address 2). The Suda omits "and."
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 16 April 2001@07:02:54.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added links and keywords) on 17 April 2001@00:42:24.
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics) on 5 August 2002@08:08:06.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 1 August 2011@03:38:22.
David Whitehead (expanded note) on 1 January 2013@08:20:26.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 29 January 2016@11:49:15.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and note) on 11 November 2018@22:10:39.

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