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Headword: Θεωρικὸν
Adler number: theta,220
Translated headword: theoric payment
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
and [sc. also attested is the cognate feminine form] θεωρική ;[1] there were common monies for the Athenians, which they called theorika, given to the Athenians for distribution. It was introduced in the following way. In former times, when a crowd would arise in the theatres and the foreigners would seize the seats beforehand, the theoric payment would be distributed to the citizens, which was two obols, so that, receiving it, the citizens might give it to the city as payment for a seat in the theatre. Accordingly, the manager of these monies was called the archon of the theorika. There were also other theorika, which the city distributed during the festivals.
Greek Original:
Θεωρικὸν καὶ Θεωρική: Ἀθήνησιν ἦν χρήματα κοινά, ἃ θεωρικὰ ἐκαλεῖτο, διδόμενα τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις εἰς διανομήν. προήχθη δὲ οὕτως. τὸ παλαιὸν ὄχλου γενομένου ἐν τοῖς θεάτροις καὶ τῶν ξένων τὰς θέας προκαταλαμβανόντων, διεδίδοτο τοῖς πολίταις τὸ θεωρικόν, ὅπερ ἦσαν δύο ὀβολοί, ἵνα τοῦτο λαμβάνοντες οἱ πολῖται διδῶσιν αὐτὸ τῇ πόλει μισθὸν τῆς θέας. ὁ τοίνυν ἐπιμελούμενος τῶν χρημάτων τούτων ἄρχων ἐλέγετο τῶν θεωρικῶν. ἦν δὲ καὶ ἄλλα θεωρικά, ἃ διενέμετο ἐν ταῖς ἑορταῖς ἡ πόλις.
Notes:
cf. theta 218, theta 219 (and theta 223). The present entry is also in Photius (Lexicon theta149 Theodoridis), and paralleled in other lexica; it derives from commentary on Demosthenes 18.113.
[1] For the feminine form, as an adjective, cf. under theta 218.
Keywords: chronology; constitution; daily life; definition; economics; history; law; politics; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Ryan Stone on 23 February 2008@10:17:31.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 23 February 2008@12:25:19.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; augmented notes and keywords) on 24 February 2008@04:21:24.
David Whitehead on 1 January 2013@06:41:18.
David Whitehead (coding) on 28 April 2016@03:23:38.

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