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Headword: Θεωρικά
Adler number: theta,219
Translated headword: theoric payments
Vetting Status: high
They were certain monies [held] in common, collected from the revenues of the city; they were previously kept safe for the needs of war and were called generals-payments[1], but later they were paid into public projects and distributions to the citizens. The previously-agreed rate was a drachma per spectacle, which gave rise to its name, spectacle-payments.[2] But Philinus maintains that this was the reason they were called theorika: because, when the Dionysia [festival] was imminent, Eubulus distributed [them] for the sacrifice, so that everyone could celebrate the festival and nobody would be excluded through lack of spending-money.[3] But elsewhere what was given for the spectacles and the sacrifices and the festivals was differently defined. It was not permitted for those abroad to draw a theoric-payment. There was also a certain office connected with the theoric-payment, as Aeschines shows in the [speech] Against Ktesiphon.[4]
Greek Original:
Θεωρικά: χρήματά τινα ἦν ἐν κοινῷ ἀπὸ τῶν τῆς πόλεως προσόδων συναγόμενα, ἃ πρότερον μὲν εἰς τὰς τοῦ πολέμου χρείας ἐφυλάττετο καὶ ἐκαλεῖτο στρατηγικά, ὕστερον δὲ κατετίθετο εἰς τὰς δημοσίας κατασκευὰς καὶ διανομὰς τῶν πολιτῶν. ἦν δὲ τὸ μὲν πρότερον νομισθὲν δραχμὴ τῆς θέας, ὅθεν καὶ θεωρικὰ ἐκλήθη. Φιλῖνος δέ φησιν ὅτι διὰ τοῦτο ἐκλήθη θεωρικά, διότι τῶν Διονυσίων ὑπογύων ὄντων, διένειμεν Εὔβουλος εἰς τὴν θυσίαν, ἵνα πάντες ἑορτάζωσι, καὶ μηδεὶς ἀπολείπηται δι' ἔνδειαν ἀναλωμάτων. ἄλλοτε δὲ ἄλλως ὡρίζετο τὸ διδόμενον εἴς τε τὰς θέας καὶ τὰς θυσίας καὶ τὰς ἑορτάς. οὐκ ἐξῆν δὲ τοῖς ἀποδημοῦσι θεωρικὸν λαμβάνειν. ἦν δὲ καὶ ἀρχή τις ἐπὶ τοῦ θεωρικοῦ, ὡς Αἰσχίνης ἐν τῷ κατὰ Κτησιφῶντος δηλοῖ.
Abridged from Harpokration s.v., commenting on Demosthenes 14.36. See also theta 218 and theta 220; and generally OCD(4) s.v. theorika.
[1] στρατηγικά ; "soldiers-payments" (στρατιωτικά ), more authentically, in Harpok.
[2] In Greek θεωρικά , from θεά . Harpok. took this material from Philochorus (FGrH 328 F33).
[3] Philinus fr. 3 Sauppe. For Eubulus see generally epsilon 3385.
[4] Aeschines 3.24.
Keywords: biography; constitution; daily life; definition; economics; historiography; history; law; military affairs; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 27 November 2000@04:55:29.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 12 August 2003@01:40:54.
David Whitehead (added note, x-ref, keywords) on 12 August 2003@03:41:23.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@09:46:53.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 4 December 2005@06:59:07.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 10 July 2011@07:34:51.
David Whitehead on 1 January 2013@06:39:32.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 27 July 2013@00:21:32.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@07:02:34.
David Whitehead on 28 April 2016@03:22:51.


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