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Headword: Θαλῆς
Adler number: theta,18
Translated headword: Thales
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The naturalist philosopher, who predicted the eclipse of the sun in the reign of Darius.[1]
And Aristophanes says, "The man [is] a Thales." Meaning [he is] great in astronomy. [The name Θαλῆς ] is declined Θαλοῦ [in the genitive]; but [the form] Θάλης [has the genitive] Θάλητος .[2] But one should note that [as] from the nominative Θαλῆς , like Ἑρμῆς , [accusative] Ἑρμῆν , Aristophanes declined [the name] Θαλῆν [in the accusative]. Also Ἑρμέας like Θαλέας .[3] The name is pronounced in two different ways: with barytone accent Θάλης , like Χρέμης , from which the genitive [is] Θάλητος like Χρέμητος .[4]
Greek Original:
Θαλῆς, ὁ φυσικὸς φιλόσοφος, ἐπὶ Δαρείου προειπὼν τὴν τοῦ ἡλίου ἔκλειψιν. καὶ Ἀριστοφάνης φησίν, ἄνθρωπος Θαλῆς. ἀντὶ τοῦ ἄκρος τὴν ἀστρονομίαν. κλίνεται δὲ Θαλοῦ: Θάλης δὲ Θάλητος. παρατηρητέον δέ, ὡς ὅτι ἀπ' εὐθείας τῆς Θαλῆς, ὡς Ἑρμῆς Ἑρμῆν, Θαλῆν ἔκλινεν Ἀριστοφάνης. καὶ Ἑρμέας ὡς Θαλέας. διχῶς δὲ τοὔνομα ἐκφωνητέον: βαρυτόνως μὲν Θάλης, ὡς Χρέμης, οὗ ἡ γενικὴ Θάλητος, ὡς Χρέμητος.
Notes:
[1] See already theta 17. The specific eclipse in question here has been dated to 585 BCE, which places Th. far earlier than the reign of Darius I of Persia (delta 72, delta 73).
[2] Aristophanes, Birds 1009 (web address 1), with scholion; cf. theta 20
[3] But Ἑρμέας and Θαλέας are attested only in grammarians and lexicography.
[4] From a scholion on Aristophanes, Clouds 180 (web address 2). "Barytone accent" means that the name is not accented on the last syllable. The sentence should go on to mention the second pronunciation with circumflex accent on the last syllable.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; dialects, grammar, and etymology; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 7 November 2005@01:18:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; cosmetics) on 7 November 2005@03:14:12.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 24 December 2012@04:00:44.
Catharine Roth (expanded notes) on 16 January 2016@00:53:09.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, added links) on 27 September 2018@00:53:23.
Catharine Roth on 27 September 2018@00:54:05.

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