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Headword: *sou/perbos
Adler number: sigma,798
Translated headword: Superbus
Vetting Status: high
Among Romans [this means] "arrogant." Tarquinius Superbus was so called, the seventh and last king of the Romans, who altered his whole rule towards greater severity and made the government harsher, inasmuch as he had attained the hegemony by means of such deeds. He changed the laws and proposed magistrates contrary to custom and through them mistreated the people, employing bonds and scourges, wooden and iron stocks, fetters, chains, mines, exiles. [He was] suspicious and boastful; for this reason he acquired this sobriquet.[1]
So that is the term for one who is boastful and wishes to be super others: for super means "above."[2]
Greek Original:
*sou/perbos: para\ *(rwmai/ois o( u(perh/fanos. ou(/tws e)klh/qh *tarku/nios *sou/perbos, e(/bdomos kai\ e)/sxatos basileu\s *(rwmai/wn: o(\s pa=san meteki/nhse th\n a)rxh\n e)pi\ to\ au)qade/steron kai\ barute/ran th\n politei/an a)pe/fhnen, oi(=a dh\ e)k toiou/twn parelqw\n e)pi\ th\n h(ghmoni/an drama/twn: tou/s te no/mous metaqei\s kai\ a)/rxontas para\ to\ su/nhqes proballo/menos kai\ di' au)tw=n to\n dh=mon ai)kizo/menos, desma/ te kai\ ma/stigas, kloiou\s culi/nous kai\ sidhrou=s, pe/das, a(lu/seis, me/talla, e)cori/as e)feurw/n: u(pero/pths te kai\ a)lazw/n. o(/qen kai\ th\n e)pwnumi/an e)/sxe. le/getai ou)=n o( a)lazw\n kai\ sou=per ei)=nai tw=n a)/llwn qe/lwn: sou=per ga\r to\ e)pa/nw dhloi=.
[1] John of Antioch fr.36 FHG (4.553), now 67 Roberto; cf. tau 125, tau 126. For Livy's narrative of the reign of Tarquin the Proud, see web address 1; see also OCD4 s.v. Tarquinius Superbus, Lucius.
[2] Material not paralleled in other lexica.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; politics
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 19 January 2004@01:14:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 19 January 2004@03:45:48.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 11 November 2005@08:35:32.
Catharine Roth (fixed link) on 19 September 2011@22:34:13.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaking) on 30 December 2013@06:54:15.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@11:38:00.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 January 2015@04:42:09.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 31 January 2015@00:18:23.


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