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Headword: Skêpiôn
Adler number: sigma,577
Translated headword: Scipio
Vetting Status: high
"Scipio the Romans' general[1] tried to make treaties with Hannibal the Carthaginians' general.[2] When they met it was possible to see Scipio both impressive in body and haughty and naturally more charming than formidable; but Hannibal had a striking beauty mixed with a terrible and intense facial expression. As they did not agree in what was said;[3] but they were commanded swiftly to fall upon the Romans."[4]
"Certain men of the Carthaginians, who had been sent by Hannibal to spy on their opponents, fall upon the Romans; though they were angry with him, Publius did them no harm but ordered them to inspect the camp and after taking dinner to depart in safety, in order to report to Hannibal how matters stood for the Romans concerning the army."[5]
Greek Original:
Skêpiôn. hoti Skêpiôn ho Rhômaiôn stratêgos pros Anniban ton Karchêdoniôn stratêgon epoieito sumbaseis. ên de dê sunelthontôn idein ton men Skêpiôna ekprepê te to sôma kai hupsêlophrona kai pros to charien mallon ê phoberon pephukota: Annibai de kallos kataplêktikon ên tôi deinôi te kai sunestrammenôi tou prosôpou memigmenon. ou sumbainontôn de epi tois eirêmenois: alla tachos sumpiptein tois Rhômaiois diekeleuonto. hoti andres tines Karchêdoniôn epi kataskopêi tôn enantiôn stalentes hupo Annibou tois Rhômaiois peripiptousin: hous achthentas hôs auton ho Poplios kakon men ouden eirgasato, perinostêsai de keleuei to stratopedon kai deipnon helomenous apochôrein sôious, apangelountas Annibai ta peri tên stratian hôs echoi Rhômaiois.
[1] Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, 235-183 BCE. The name Scipio is spelled with iota at sigma 616, but the alphabetical order guarantees the eta here; cf. anyway under gamma 122, kappa 445, chi 505.
[2] alpha 2452.
[3] Bernhardy indicated a lacuna at this point.
[4] The authorship of this passage is disputed. Valckenaer attributed it to Polybius, but Gaisford disagreed, pointing out that Polybius 15.5 already has the episode. Bernhardy assigned it to Cassius Dio. Now Favuzzi [see under alpha 1596] 203-205 finds vocabulary-based grounds for giving it to John of Antioch.
[5] John of Antioch fr.128 Roberto; already at alpha 2452.
Keywords: biography; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 12 January 2011@01:39:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more x-refs; tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 January 2011@03:15:45.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 12 January 2011@23:18:42.
David Whitehead (expanded n.4) on 4 June 2013@04:41:55.
David Whitehead (tweaked notes) on 22 August 2013@07:33:17.
David Whitehead on 29 December 2013@08:15:36.
David Whitehead on 30 January 2015@04:25:27.


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