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Headword: Συσκηνία
Adler number: sigma,1680
Translated headword: communal tenting
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] communal living.[1]
Xenophon [writes]: "in the soldiers tenting together they seemed to have the advantage in the coming conflict; for they saw each other similarly fed, and there could be no claim of discrimination which would result in anyone displaying worse behaviour than another in the face of the enemy." Also "they would get to know one another, which would be likely to create considerateness in everyone; those who are unacquainted are indifferent, as if they were in the dark."[2]
Greek Original:
Συσκηνία: συνοικία. Ξενοφῶν: ὅτι ἐν τῷ ὁμοῦ σκηνοῦν τοὺς στρατιώτας ἐδόκουν ὠφελεῖσθαι πρὸς τὸν μέλλοντα ἀγῶνα: ἑώρων γὰρ ἀλλήλους ὁμοίως τρεφομένους, καὶ οὐκ ἦν πρόφασις μειονεξίας, ὥστε ὑφίεσθαί τινα κακιώτερον ἑτέρου εἶναι πρὸς τοὺς πολέμους. καὶ ὅτι ἐγίνωσκον ἀλλήλους, καὶ τὸ αἰσχύνεσθαι πᾶσιν ἐδόκει ἐγγίνεσθαι: οἱ δὲ ἀγνοοῦντες ῥᾳδιουργοῦσιν ὥσπερ ἐν σκότει ὄντες.
Notes:
[1] The headword is nominative singular of this feminine abstract noun. In that grammatical form its only other attestation is in Gregory of Nyssa, but the dative occurs in Xenophon, Hellenica 5.3.20, and -- more significantly in view of what follows here -- the accusative in Xenophon, Cyropaedia 5.1.26.
[2] An abridgement and approximation of Xenophon, Cyropaedia 2.1.25 (web address 1).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: Christianity; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; historiography; military affairs
Translated by: David Whitehead on 6 November 2001@06:41:10.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link, set status) on 23 January 2005@16:22:04.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 24 January 2005@03:04:44.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 6 December 2013@23:49:44.
David Whitehead on 5 January 2014@06:07:01.
David Whitehead on 27 May 2016@05:41:11.

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