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Headword: *strathgoi/
Adler number: sigma,1174
Translated headword: generals
Vetting Status: high
The generals elected each year [sc. in classical Athens] were ten. Demosthenes in Philippics [sc. mentions them].[1]
"They used to have a general distinguished by his fearlessness and boldness in the face of dangers, but in other respects obscure and risen from humble beginnings and an object of suspicion in the eyes of the most reputable and an object of envy owing to his enjoying a good reputation contrary to his merits."[2]
Greek Original:
*strathgoi/: oi( kaq' e(/kaston e)niauto\n xeirotonou/menoi strathgoi\ i# h)=san. *dhmosqe/nhs e)n *filippikoi=s. strathgo\n ei)=xon tw=| me\n a)o/knw| te kai\ qrasei= e)s tou\s kindu/nous lampro/n, ta)/lla de\ a)fanh= kai\ e)k tapeinou= hu)chme/non kai\ toi=s dokimwta/tois u(/popton kai\ tw=| par' a)ci/an eu)dokimei=n e)pi/fqonon.
The first part of this entry is abridged from Harpokration s.v.; besides Demosthenes (below) it cites Hyperides fr. 64 Jensen and the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia.
[1] Demosthenes 4.26.
[2] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable. Its odd, argumentative character may or may not reflect comment on one general in particular.
Debra Hamel, Athenian Generals: military authority in the classical period (Leiden 1998)
Keywords: biography; constitution; definition; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: Debra Hamel on 12 August 1999@19:55:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes and bibliography) on 20 September 2000@09:20:30.
David Whitehead (augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 16 February 2003@11:46:01.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; expanded and modified notes; more keywords) on 10 May 2011@08:58:42.
David Whitehead on 10 May 2011@08:59:04.
David Whitehead (expanded pirmary note; cosmetics; raised status) on 14 July 2011@08:17:33.
David Whitehead on 1 January 2014@07:37:06.
David Whitehead (codings) on 26 May 2016@09:29:53.


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