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Headword: *stiba/des *formi/wnos
Adler number: sigma,1097
Translated headword: Phormion's mats
Vetting Status: high
In reference to things that are cheap. Phormion was a general [strategos]. Mats, since soldiers sleep on the ground; he was a frugal man and one who loved the fighting life.
Also [sc. attested is the singular] sti/bas, a bed on the ground, a dinner-couch [made] from young tree-shoots;[2] also the branches of trees.
"When they arrived at dinner they reclined on mats, on barbarian carpets."[3]
Greek Original:
*stiba/des *formi/wnos: e)pi\ tw=n eu)telw=n. strathgo\s de\ h)=n o( *formi/wn. stiba/des de/, e)pei\ oi( stratiw=tai xameunou=si: lito\s de\ h)=n kai\ polemiko/s. kai\ *stiba/s, xamaikoi/tion, a)kou/biton a)po\ r(a/bdwn: kai\ oi( tw=n de/ndrwn a)kremo/nes. w(s de\ parh=lqon e)pi\ to\ dei=pnon, katekli/nonto me\n e)pi\ stiba/sin, e)pi\ tapi/dwn barbarikw=n.
[1] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Peace 347, where the elements of the headword phrase occur (stiba/das a(/s e)/laxe *formi/wn).
[2] The noun a)kkou/biton with a double-kappa is 'a seat or couch to recline on at table'. See E.A. Sophocles, Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods s.v., and alpha 3178 with n.1 there.
[3] Quotation unidentifiable, but perhaps a paraphrase of, or otherwise connected with, Xenophon, Anabasis 6.1.4: e)n sti/basin e)dei/pnoun is a manuscript variant there of the e)n ski/mposin e)dei/pnoun ("on pallets") favoured by modern editors, and the scholia comment with material very like the present entry, xamakoi/tion a)po\ r(a/bdwn kai\ de/ndrwn.
Keywords: biography; botany; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; food; history; military affairs; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 23 March 2003@16:09:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 24 March 2003@03:40:28.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3; more keywords; tweaks) on 19 August 2011@11:13:50.


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