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Headword: Στιβάδες Φορμίωνος
Adler number: sigma,1097
Translated headword: Phormion's mats
Vetting Status: high
In reference to things that are cheap. Phormion was a general [strategos]. Mats, since soldiers sleep on the ground; he was a frugal man and one who loved the fighting life.
Also [sc. attested is the singular] στίβας , a bed on the ground, a dinner-couch [made] from young tree-shoots;[2] also the branches of trees.
"When they arrived at dinner they reclined on mats, on barbarian carpets."[3]
Greek Original:
Στιβάδες Φορμίωνος: ἐπὶ τῶν εὐτελῶν. στρατηγὸς δὲ ἦν ὁ Φορμίων. στιβάδες δέ, ἐπεὶ οἱ στρατιῶται χαμευνοῦσι: λιτὸς δὲ ἦν καὶ πολεμικός. καὶ Στιβάς, χαμαικοίτιον, ἀκούβιτον ἀπὸ ῥάβδων: καὶ οἱ τῶν δένδρων ἀκρεμόνες. ὡς δὲ παρῆλθον ἐπὶ τὸ δεῖπνον, κατεκλίνοντο μὲν ἐπὶ στιβάσιν, ἐπὶ ταπίδων βαρβαρικῶν.
[1] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Peace 347, where the elements of the headword phrase occur (στιβάδας ἅς ἔλαχε Φορμίων ).
[2] The noun ἀκκούβιτον with a double-kappa is 'a seat or couch to recline on at table'. See E.A. Sophocles, Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods s.v., and alpha 3178 with n.1 there.
[3] Quotation unidentifiable, but perhaps a paraphrase of, or otherwise connected with, Xenophon, Anabasis 6.1.4: ἐν στίβασιν ἐδείπνουν is a manuscript variant there of the ἐν σκίμποσιν ἐδείπνουν ("on pallets") favoured by modern editors, and the scholia comment with material very like the present entry, χαμακοίτιον ἀπὸ ῥάβδων καὶ δένδρων .
Keywords: biography; botany; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; food; history; military affairs; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 23 March 2003@16:09:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 24 March 2003@03:40:28.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3; more keywords; tweaks) on 19 August 2011@11:13:50.


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