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Headword: Ῥαιστήρ
Adler number: rho,81
Translated headword: hammer
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] a mallet.[1] [So called] from the [verb] ῥῶ , [meaning] I destroy.[2] The one destroying things set under it.
In the Epigrams: "out of the fire the hammer and the tongs and the fire-tongs are dedicated to Hephaestus".[3] And elsewhere: "not even if you raise me with a hammer as a golden [sc. statue of] Homer in Zeus’ flaming lightnings".[4]
Greek Original:
Ῥαιστήρ: ἡ σφύρα. παρὰ τὸ ῥῶ, τὸ φθείρω. ἡ φθείρουσα τὰ ἐντιθέμενα. ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασιν: ἐκ πυρὸς ὁ ῥαιστὴρ καὶ ὁ καρκίνος ἥ τε πυράγρη ἄγκεινθ' Ἡφαίστῳ. καὶ αὖθις: οὐδ' εἴ με χρύσειον ἀπὸ ῥαιστῆρος Ὅμηρον στήσητε φλογέαις ἐν Διὸς ἀστεροπαῖς.
Notes:
cf. entries in Orion [Author, Myth], ps-Zonaras, Hesychius, Etymologicum Magnum and Etymologicum Gudianum.
[1] cf. sigma 1761.
[2] cf. rho 79.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.117.1-2; cf. alpha 246.
[4] Greek Anthology 7.5.1-2.
Keywords: art history; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; poetry; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 28 December 2007@16:47:05.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 December 2007@05:25:37.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; tweaking) on 27 October 2013@09:31:59.
David Whitehead (codings) on 25 May 2016@06:16:11.

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