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Headword: Ῥύμη
Adler number: rho,294
Translated headword: thrust, impulse, swing
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning a] forceful initiative.[1]
Aristophanes [writes]: "from the potter's thrust."[2]
And in turn Eunapius [writes]: "so strong was the rush and impulse toward the more wanton, that the rulers were more hostile than [our] enemies."[3]
Greek Original:
Ῥύμη: ὁρμὴ βιαία. Ἀριστοφάνης: κεραμικῆς ῥύμης ἄπο. καὶ αὖθις Εὐνάπιος: τοσαύτη τις ἦν ἡ πρὸς τὸ ἀσελγέστερον ῥύμη τε καὶ φορά, ὥστε οἱ ἄρχοντες τῶν πολεμίων ἦσαν πολεμιώτεροι.
Notes:
On this headword, a feminine abstract noun, see generally LSJ s.v.
[1] The same gloss appears in Lexica Segueriana 359.29 and Hesychius s.v. ῥῦμα ; cf. scholion to [Plato], Epinomis 983C (web address 1). Adler also cites the grammarian Theognostos in Anecdota Oxoniensia (ed. J.A. Cramer) 2.23.32 [= Canones 131] and ps.-Zonaras 1622.
[2] Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 4 (web address 2). Praxagora addresses her lamp in the opening monologue. The potter applies thrust to turn the wheel and shape the clay that becomes the lamp.
[3] Eunapius fr. 49 FHG (4.36); Blockley, Eunapius fr. 46.2. Blockley suggests that this passage and sigma 478 may concern corruption prevalent in the reign of the Emperor Theodosius I (The Great) (346-395 CE; OCD(4) s.v. Theodosius(2) and theta 144) as described by Zosimus 4.28.3-4.29.2 (Blockley, p. 142, n. 106).
Reference:
R.C. Blockley, The Fragmentary Classicising Historians of the Later Roman Empire: Eunapius, Olympiodorus, Priscus and Malchus, vol. II, Liverpool: Francis Cairns, 1983
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; philosophy; politics; trade and manufacture; women
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 14 March 2008@01:46:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 March 2008@05:01:50.
William Hutton (translation tweak) on 15 March 2008@01:19:14.
David Whitehead on 30 October 2013@06:59:58.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@10:52:33.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 12 December 2014@00:01:00.
Aaron Baker (Tweaked translation; corrected citation to Blockley.) on 2 June 2015@22:31:26.

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