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Headword: Ῥώμη
Adler number: rho,248
Translated headword: force, might; Rome
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] strength.[1]
Also [sc. attested is upper-case] Rome, [meaning] the city [of that name].[2]
[The city] which, when 477 years had passed from its first settlement ... they were untested in external wars ... expecting that the war with the Carthaginians would be such as had not yet been, made a census of the population and found the number of the citizens not much less than 300,000.[3]
[Note] that Athenaeus said that Rome [was] an epitome of the inhabited world.[4]
See also under chiliarch.[5]
Greek Original:
Ῥώμη: ἰσχύς. καὶ Ῥώμη, ἡ πόλις. ἥτις ἀπὸ τοῦ πρώτου συνοικισμοῦ διαγεγονότων ζ# καὶ ο# καὶ υ# ἐτῶν, ἀπείρατοι ἦσαν ὑπερορίων πολέμων, τὸν δὲ πρὸς Καρχηδονίους ὅσον οὔπω παρέσεσθαι πόλεμον προσδεχόμενος ἐξέτασιν ἐποιεῖτο τοῦ πλήθους καὶ εὗρεν ἀριθμὸν τῶν πολιτῶν οὐ πολὺ ἀπολειπόμενον λ# μυριάδων. ὅτι τὴν Ῥώμην ἐπιτομὴν τῆς οἰκουμένης εἶπεν Ἀθήναιος. καὶ ζήτει ἐν τῷ χιλίαρχος.
Notes:
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; references at Photius rho206 Theodoridis. For 'strength' see iota 732.
[2] cf. rho 249.
[3] cf. rho 247, upsilon 340.
[4] Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 1.20B (1.37 Kaibel): "he also says that if someone were to call Rome an epitome of the inhabited world he would not shoot wide of the mark".
[5] chi 305.
Keywords: chronology; definition; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 5 September 2006@00:47:43.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 5 September 2006@03:09:51.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr and n.4) on 22 January 2010@08:32:39.
David Whitehead on 25 August 2011@09:47:17.
David Whitehead on 29 October 2013@11:02:15.

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