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Headword: Ῥωγαλέον
Adler number: rho,242
Translated headword: broken, cleft, ragged
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning something which has been] split, torn.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] ῥωγάς , [sc. also meaning something which has been] split.[2] "In the [oak tree] there lay a ragged goatherd's pouch, all full of stale bread and meat."[3]
Rule: [adjectives] ending in -aleos come from three parts [of speech]: from a noun deima ["fear"] > deimaleos ["fearful"]; from a verb oidô ["I swell"] > oidaleos ["swollen"]; from an adverb rhimpha ["swiftly"] > rhimphaleos ["swift"]. And they are accented on the penult. [4] The [sc. exceptional instance of] daidaleos ["dappled"], [meaning] variegated, has been noted; also konisaleos ["dusty"].[5]
Greek Original:
Ῥωγαλέον: διερρωγός, διεσχισμένον. καὶ Ῥωγάς, ἡ διερρωγυῖα. ἐν τῇ δ' ἔκειτο ῥωγὰς αἰπόλων πήρα, ἄρτων ἑώλων πᾶσα καὶ κρεῶν πλήρης. κανών: τὰ διὰ τοῦ αλεος ἀπὸ τριῶν παράγονται μερῶν: ἀπὸ ὀνόματος δεῖμα, δειμαλέος: ἀπὸ ῥήματος οἰδῶ, οἰδαλέος: ἀπὸ ἐπιρρήματος ῥιμφά, ῥιμφαλέος: καὶ παροξύνονται. σεσημείωται τὸ δαιδάλεος ὁ ποικίλος: καὶ κονισάλεος.
Notes:
[1] Similarly in other lexica; references at Photius rho202 Theodoridis. The headword, neuter singular of the adjective ῥωγαλέος , is taken to be quoted from Homer, Iliad 2.417; cf. the scholia there. (Again in Nicander, Theriaca 376, with scholion.)
[2] Grammatically feminine in this instance; see further, next note.
[3] Babrius 1.86, retelling Aesop's fable of the swollen fox; cf. epsilon 1884.
[4] Attributed to Herodian, Περὶ ῥηματικῶν ὀνομάτων p. 899 Lentz, and also cited by ps.-Zonaras, Etymologicum Gudianum s.v. ἀργαλέος , and Etymologicum Magnum s.v. δειμαλέος .
[5] konisaleos is mentioned in kappa 2040; and for daidaleos see delta 106. LSJ disobeys the exception in accentuation given here, but follows the accentuation given of δαιδάλεος .
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; poetry
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 24 January 2009@06:40:08.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 25 January 2009@05:53:45.
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 8 April 2013@15:58:31.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; another keyword; cosmetics) on 29 October 2013@08:14:20.

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