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Headword: Ῥοπή
Adler number: rho,230
Translated headword: inclination, weight
Vetting Status: high
"Impulse [is] a charactistic of a soul, but inclination of a body. Impulse would be better than inclination, since a soul also [sc. is better] than a body. For what is better and worse, in being combined according to what is proper of them, has a difference, and, according to this, the better is above the worse. For example, if god and a man and a horse are living beings, none of them is different from each other according to a common genus. And since god is better than man and man [better] than horse, it remains that its difference is according to what is proper [of them]. Now if immortality is proper of god, what is capable of receiving knowledge [is proper] of man, and what is able to neigh [is proper of] horse, immortality is better than what is capable of receiving knowledge, and what is capable of receiving knowledge [is better] than what is able to neigh. Thus is also in the case of inclination and impulse. It seems that what is better and worse exist among what is of the same genus, because combination also exists among the things having association each other."[1]
"And under a single impulse both the intent of the general and the established orders were being proclaimed to the ranks."[2]
Greek Original:
Ῥοπή: ψυχῆς μὲν ἴδιον ὁρμή, σώματος δὲ ῥοπή. εἴη ἂν ὁρμὴ ῥοπῆς βελτίων, ἐπεὶ καὶ ψυχὴ σώματος. τὸ γὰρ βέλτιον καὶ χεῖρον συγκρινόμενα κατὰ τὰ ἴδια αὐτῶν ἔχει τὴν διαφορὰν καὶ κατὰ τοῦτο τὸ βέλτιον ὑπερέχει τοῦ χείρονος. οἷον, εἰ ζῷα ὁ θεὸς καὶ ὁ ἄνθρωπος καὶ ὁ ἵππος, κατὰ μὲν τὸ γένος τὸ κοινὸν οὐδὲν ἀλλήλων διαφέρει. ἐπεὶ δὲ βελτίων μὲν ὁ θεὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου, ὁ δὲ ἄνθρωπος τοῦ ἵππου, λείπεται, τὴν διαφορὰν αὐτοῦ εἶναι κατὰ τὰ ἴδια. εἰ οὖν θεοῦ μὲν ἴδιον ἀθανασία, ἀνθρώπου δὲ τὸ ἐπιστήμης δεκτικόν, ἵππου δὲ τὸ χρεμετιστικόν, ἡ ἀθανασία βελτίων τοῦ ἐπιστήμης δεκτικοῦ, τὸ δὲ ἐπιστήμης δεκτικὸν τοῦ χρεμετιστικοῦ. οὕτως καὶ ἡ ῥοπὴ καὶ ἡ ὁρμή. δοκεῖ δὲ τὸ βέλτιον καὶ τὸ χεῖρον ἐν τοῖς ὁμογενέσιν εἶναι, ἐπειδὴ καὶ ἡ σύγκρισις ἐν τοῖς κοινωνίαν ἔχουσι πρὸς ἄλληλα. καὶ ὑπὸ μίαν ῥοπὴν ἥ τε διάνοια τοῦ στρατηγοῦ καὶ τὰ διατεταγμένα προηγόρευον ταῖς τάξεσι.
[1] From John Philoponus, Commentary on Aristotle's de anima 235.26ff.
[2] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable.
Keywords: biography; definition; military affairs; philosophy; religion; zoology
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 12 December 2003@20:33:25.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified aspects of translation; added notes; cosmetics) on 16 December 2003@03:49:38.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaking) on 29 October 2013@07:24:38.
David Whitehead (coding) on 25 May 2016@07:21:12.


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