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Headword: Ῥῆτραι
Adler number: rho,154
Translated headword: rhetrai, rhetras
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] covenants, speeches, agreements. But the Tarentines [sc. apply this word to] laws and in effect decrees. Among Spartans a 'rhetra' [is] a law of Lycurgus, suggesting that its authority is an oracle.[1] But others [sc. call] agreements rhetras, others documents. Also [sc. attested is the term] rhetra-guardians,[2] [meaning] document-guardians.
"The soldiers through whom the rhetra had been promulgated: whichever of them turned tail and went [sc. back] to camp would die a miserable death at the hands of his friends, struck down as if an enemy."[3]
"The oracle says, '[?hear?]' a rhetra of a clear and manifest oracle'".[4]
Greek Original:
Ῥῆτραι: συνθῆκαι, λόγοι, ὁμολογίαι. Ταραντῖνοι δὲ νόμους καὶ οἷον ψηφίσματα. παρὰ Λακεδαιμονίοις ῥήτρα Λυκούργου νόμος, ὡς ἐκ χρησμοῦ τιθέμενος. οἱ δὲ ῥήτρας ὁμολογίας, οἱ δὲ συγγράμματα. καὶ ῥητροφύλακας, τοὺς συγγραμματοφύλακας. οἱ δὲ στρατιῶται, δι' οὓς προῄρητο ἡ ῥήτρα, ὅστις αὐτῶν τὰ νῶτα στρέψας ἐπὶ τὸ στρατόπεδον ἴοι, ὡς πολέμιος βαλλόμενος ὑπὸ τῶν φίλων ἀλγεινῶς ἀποθάνοι. ὁ δὲ χρησμὸς λέγει, ῥήτραν σαφοῦς τε καὶ ἐναργοῦς χρησμοῦ.
Notes:
First part of this entry = Photius rho110 Theodoridis (s.v. ῥήτρα ), with references to similar material elsewhere, e.g. Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon. See also Glossarium Italioticum 143 Kassel-Austin.
[1] cf. generally lambda 823, lambda 824.
[2] Here in the accusative plural, evidently quoted from somewhere (but not independently attested).
[3] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable.
[4] Again, quotation unidentifiable.
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; religion
Translated by: David Whitehead on 24 January 2010@07:16:46.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetic, status) on 24 January 2010@12:21:41.
David Whitehead (more notes) on 25 January 2010@03:07:13.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 8 September 2010@01:31:08.
David Whitehead on 24 August 2011@08:23:31.
David Whitehead on 28 October 2013@08:02:04.
David Whitehead on 21 December 2014@11:16:03.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 27 December 2014@21:32:34.

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