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Headword: Ῥήτωρ
Adler number: rho,153
Translated headword: orator, speaker
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning an] advocate,[1] pleader.[2] Also, in Sophocles,[3] the judge delivering his own opinion.[4]
Greek Original:
Ῥήτωρ: συνήγορος, δικολόγος. καὶ ὁ τὴν ἰδίαν ἀποφαίνων γνώμην κριτὴς παρὰ Σοφοκλεῖ.
Notes:
Same entry in the Synagoge (rho34) and Photius (rho113 Theodoridis). Compare also Hesychius rho280 and rho288.
For the headword see already rho 152. (For the original meaning of ρήτωρ as an eloquent person see ps.-Zonaras 1610.12-3.);
[1] The noun συνήγορος defined both a public office and private avocation in Athens; see LSJ s.v. and cf. sigma 1459, sigma 1546, sigma 1547, sigma 1548. The noun is listed as a synonym of προστάτης (Hesychius s.v. συνήγορος ), and of λογοποιός in Hesychius' entry for the latter. See also e.g. Harpocration sigma58 Keaney, Photius sigma780 and sigma781 Theodoridis (with other references there).
[2] See also pi 2194.
[3] Sophocles fr. 1090 Radt (this word only), from an unidentified drama. The noun ῥήτωρ is not attested in any of Sophocles’ extant tragedies.
[4] For the phrase γνώμην ἀποφαίνω cf. e.g. Herodotus 1.40.2 (web address 1).
Reference:
Radt S. (ed.), Tragicorum Graecorum fragmenta, vol. 4, Göttingen 1977
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; law; politics; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 25 March 2007@18:38:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 March 2007@03:51:22.
David Whitehead (pruning and updating; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 October 2013@07:54:06.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 8 January 2015@01:08:17.

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