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Headword: Ῥαδαμάνθυος ὅρκος
Adler number: rho,13
Translated headword: Rhadamanthys' oath
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The one [sworn] by a goose or a dog or a plane-tree or a ram or something else of the kind.[1] "Amongst these the greatest oath by all accounts was a dog, then a goose, but they used to say nothing of the gods." Cratinus in Cheirons [says this].[2] The oaths of Socrates, too, [were] of this kind.[3]
This sign [is] concerning an oath, which is customary even now: for many swear by vegetables when displaying the force of an oath.[4]
Greek Original:
Ῥαδαμάνθυος ὅρκος: ὁ κατὰ χηνὸς ἢ κυνὸς ἢ πλατάνου ἢ κριοῦ ἤ τινος ἄλλου τοιούτου. οἷς ἦν μέγιστος ὅρκος ἅπαντι λόγῳ κύων, ἔπειτα χήν, θεοὺς δ' ἐσίγων. Κρατῖνος Χείρωσι. τοιοῦτοι δὲ καὶ οἱ Σωκράτους ὅρκοι. σημεῖον τοῦτο περὶ ὅρκου, ὃ καὶ νῦν ἐπιχωριάζει: πολλοὶ γὰρ πρὸς λάχανα ὀμνύουσιν, εὐορκίαν ἐπιδεικνύμενοι.
Notes:
The first and major part of this entry is also in Photius; cf. Zenobius 5.81. and the scholia to Plato, Apology 21E (where there is an oath 'by the dog'). For Rhadamanthys see already rho 12.
[1] cf. chi 284.
[2] Cratinus fr. 231 Kock. (249 K.-A.)
[3] cf. sigma 829 (but contrast chi 284, where the Socrates connection is denied).
[4] cf. lambda 164, mu 277.
Keywords: biography; botany; comedy; daily life; definition; law; mythology; proverbs; religion; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 24 April 2003@03:23:10.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 26 October 2003@11:43:37.
David Whitehead (augmented note 3) on 27 October 2003@02:54:51.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword; cosmetics) on 23 August 2011@10:14:44.
David Whitehead on 24 October 2013@09:10:35.

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