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Headword: Ψαφαρόν
Adler number: psi,32
Translated headword: crumbly, friable
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning something] weak, light, bad, easily-broken.[1]
Appian [writes]: "after Hannibal the general of the Carthaginians crossed the Pyrenean mountains he entered the Celtic territory (now called Gaul) and marched across the land. When he reached the Alpine mountains and found them precipitous, he began to ascend strongly and with daring, suffering hardships, cutting wood and burning it, quenching the ashes with water and vinegar. When the ashes became friable he broke them with iron hammers and used them as a road."[2]
Greek Original:
Ψαφαρόν: ἀσθενές, ἐλαφρόν, κακόν, εὔθραυστον. Ἀππιανός: ὅτι Ἀννίβας ὁ στρατηγὸς Καρχηδονίων διαβὰς τὰ Πυρηναῖα ὄρη καὶ διέβη εἰς τὴν Κελτικήν, τὴν νῦν Γαλατίαν, καὶ διώδευε τὴν χώραν. ἐλθὼν δὲ ἐπὶ τὰ Ἄλπεια ὄρη καὶ εὑρὼν ἀπόκρημνα ἰσχυρῶς ἐπέβαινε κἀκείνοις ὑπὸ τόλμης, κακοπαθῶν, τὴν μὲν ὕλην τέμνων καὶ κατακαίων, τὴν δὲ τέφραν σβεννὺς ὕδατι καὶ ὄξει καὶ τὴν τέφραν τοῦδε ψαφαρὰν γινομένην σφύραις σιδηραῖς θραύων καὶ ὁδοποιῶν.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica. The headword, neuter singular of this adjective (cf. psi 31), must be quoted from somewhere; there are numerous possibilities (which do not include the quotation given here).
[2] Appian, Hannibal 4. On Hannibal see generally alpha 2452; for the Alps, see alpha 1407; for the Pyrenees, see pi 3213.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 22 December 2005@19:11:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1 and keywords) on 29 December 2005@01:04:26.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 5 November 2013@05:56:32.
David Whitehead (my typo) on 2 February 2014@05:39:28.


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