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Headword: Ψάλτης
Adler number: psi,16
Translated headword: harper, harpist
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Ψάλτης ] and ψαλτής :[1] [Nouns] ending in -της , having the penultimate [syllable] ending with an uninflected [form], not admitting in the genitive, have grave accent [on the last syllable], unless they are participles. Such [are] ὑφάντης ["weaver"], ἀγύρτης ["collector"], Εὐφράτης ["Euphrates"]. But ἑκοντής ["volunteer"] and ἐθελοντής ["volunteer"] [are] participles.[2] Among Attic speakers [the following nouns] have acute accent on the last syllable: καθαρτής ["cleanser"], ἀμυντής ["defender"] (referring to a helper), φαιδρυντής ["washer"], ποικιλτής ["embroiderer"], ψαλτής ["harper"], πραϋντής ["appeaser"].
Greek Original:
Ψάλτης καὶ ψαλτής: τὰ εἰς της λήγοντα, ἔχοντα τὴν παραλήγουσαν εἰς ἀμετάβολον λήγουσαν, ἀπρόσληπτα ὄντα τοῦ ς κατὰ τὴν γενικήν, βαρύνεται, εἰ μὴ εἴη μετοχικά: οἷον ὑφάντης, ἀγύρτης, Εὐφράτης: τὸ δὲ ἑκοντὴς καὶ ἐθελοντὴς μετοχικά. παρὰ δὲ Ἀττικοῖς ὀξύνονται καθαρτής, ἀμυντής, ἐπὶ τοῦ βοηθοῦ, φαιδρυντής, ποικιλτής, ψαλτής, πραϋντής.
Notes:
cf. generally psi 13, psi 15, psi 17.
[1] The issue is how this noun should be accented. Cf. Philoponus on words that have different accent according to their meaning; Etymologicum Magnum 435.49 and 435.57.
[2] We would not call these nouns participles, but they are related to ἑκών and ἐθέλων , of which the former looks like a participle and the latter definitely is one.
Keywords: dialects, grammar, and etymology; meter and music
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 13 September 2005@22:46:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another headword; x-refs) on 14 September 2005@03:52:13.
David Whitehead on 5 November 2013@05:20:55.
Catharine Roth (betacode typo) on 3 June 2014@23:42:33.

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