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Headword: Παιᾶνας
Adler number: pi,838
Translated headword: paeans
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] revels, celebrations.[1]
There were two paeans: Enyalios, when they began, which also used to take place before the battle; and another when they were winning.[2] [Note] that the ancients used to sing two paeans, before the war for Ares, and after the war for Apollo. But Thucydides says "as they were sailing forth" instead of "as toward beginning the war."[3]
Greek Original:
Παιᾶνας: κώμους, εὐφημίας. Παιᾶνες δύο ἦσαν: Ἐνυάλιος, ὅτε ἦρχον: ὃς καὶ πρὸ τῆς μάχης ἐγίνετο: καὶ ἕτερος, ὅτε ἐνίκων. ὅτι δύο παιᾶνας ᾖδον οἱ παλαιοί, πρὸ μὲν τοῦ πολέμου τῷ Ἄρει, μετὰ δὲ τὸν πόλεμον τῷ Ἀπόλλωνι. τὸ δὲ ὡς ἐπίπλουν λέγει Θουκυδίδης, ἀντὶ τοῦ ὡς πρὸς τὸ ἄρξαι τὸν πόλεμον.
[1] = Eudemus 164b.16 Niese, Synagoge, Photius pi12 Theodoridis; cf. Hesychius pi44. The headword, accusative plural (cf. pi 837), is apparently quoted from somewhere, but not from the passages referred to in the next two paragraphs.
[2] Derived from scholia to Thucydides 4.43.3, where there occurs not the headword but a related aorist participle, παιανίσαντες . For Enyalios cf. epsilon 1498.
[3] Derived from scholia to Thucydides 1.50.5, with the introduction of a slight error in the quotation of Thucydides: ὡς ἐπίπλουν ("as they were sailing forth"), for the original ὡς ἐς ἐπίπλουν ("as for the sailing forth").
B. Niese, ed. (1922) ”Excerpta ex Eudemi codice Parisino n. 2635“, Philologus, suppl. 15.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; meter and music; religion
Translated by: William Hutton on 3 September 2011@11:13:31.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 3 September 2011@13:09:24.
David Whitehead (typos; more x-refs) on 4 September 2011@05:20:25.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 18 September 2013@06:35:24.


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