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Headword: Παφλαγών
Adler number: pi,826
Translated headword: Paphlagonian
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Kleon, the general of the Athenians.[1] [sc. So called] because of the sound of his voice. From the [verb] paphlazein;[2] for he was a foreigner and a barbaros [non-Greek].[3]
Greek Original:
Παφλαγών: ὁ Κλέων, ὁ τῶν Ἀθηναίων στρατηγός. διὰ τὸ τῆς φωνῆς ἀπηχές. ἀπὸ τοῦ παφλάζειν: ξένος γὰρ ἦν καὶ βάρβαρος.
Notes:
From the scholia to Aristophanes, Knights 2, where the present headword appears in the accusative case.
[1] See kappa 1731; no.1659 in index I of Robert Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 BC (Cambridge, 1989). The character Paphlagon in Aristophanes' Knights (Equites), that is, is a stand-in for Kleon.
[2] To bluster, sputter; cf. Knights 919, and pi 827.
[3] In other words, his speech reflected his origins. So accompanying the etymology given here is an insinuation that Kleon hails from the region which the ancients called Paphlagonia, on the southern shore of the Black Sea.
Keywords: biography; comedy; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Debra Hamel on 12 August 1999@18:55:41.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation) on 17 September 2000@11:55:43.
David Whitehead (tweaked translation; rearranged and augmented notes; added more keywords) on 26 October 2005@03:42:51.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 4 August 2011@04:29:22.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2011@04:30:13.

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