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Headword: Παῦλος
Adler number: pi,813
Translated headword: Paul, Paulos, Paulus
Vetting Status: high
This man was a contemporary of Mani;[1] by descent a man of Samosata,[2] [who became] president [= bishop] of Antioch the Great. [It was he] who blasphemously asserted that the Lord was a mere man, and the indwelling of God the Word occurred in him just as in each of the prophets; consequently also [he taught that there were] two separate natures in Christ having nothing in common with each other, so that the Christ was one thing and God the Word dwelling in him was something else. These [were] the first growings[3] of the wicked, slanderous attribution to Christ of only one nature and two natures, in the one case denying his divinity, in the other his humanity.
Thence [arose] also Paulicians.[4]
Greek Original:
Παῦλος: οὗτος ἐγένετο σύγχρονος Μάνεντι, τὸ γένος Σαμοσατεύς, Ἀντιοχείας τῆς μεγάλης πρόεδρος: ὃς ψιλὸν ἄνθρωπον εἶναι τὸν κύριον ἐβλασφήμησεν, ὥσπερ δὲ εἰς ἕκαστον τῶν προφητῶν, οὕτω καὶ ἐν αὐτῷ γεγενῆσθαι τοῦ θεοῦ λόγου τὴν οἴκησιν. ἔνθεν καὶ δύο φύσεις διῃρημένως ἐχούσας καὶ ἀκοινωνήτους πρὸς ἑαυτὰς εἶναι παντάπασιν ἐν Χριστῷ, ὡς ἄλλου ὄντος αὐτοῦ τοῦ Χριστοῦ καὶ ἄλλου τοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ κατοικοῦντος θεοῦ λόγου. αὗται μὲν αἱ πρῶται φυαὶ τοῦ μίαν φύσιν καὶ τὰς δύο κακῶς καὶ δυσφήμως ἐπὶ Χριστοῦ λέγεσθαι, τὸ μὲν ἐπ' ἀναιρέσει τῆς θεότητος, τὸ δὲ τῆς ἀνθρωπότητος. ὅθεν καὶ Παυλικιανοί.
On Paul of Samosata, see Catholic Encyclopedia entry at web address 1; Paulicians at web address 2. The present material on him comes from George the Monk, Chronicon 470.10-20, with only slight differences.
[1] Mani or Manes: mu 147.
[2] Present-day Samsat, in eastern Turkey; Barrington Atlas map 67 grid H1. Also famous as the birthplace of Lucian (lambda 683).
[3] The reading φυαί "growings" stems from the excerpta of George Cedrenus, where the mss of George the Monk read φωναί "voices". The latter is clearly a lectio facilior: for the metaphor of 'poisonous weed' for heretical thought cf. the use of the verb ἀναφύω by George the Monk, PG 110, col. 536 (in reference to Mani's heresy) and 538 (to Apollinarius); see also the chapter on Theodore of Mopsuestia (col. 538; cf. theta 154), whose thought is defined the 'second sprout' (δευτέρα βλάστησις ) of the same wrong ideas about Christ's nature. The comparison of heresy with weed is common in ecclesiastical writers: see e.g. Ignatius, Letter to the Trallians 6-7 μόνῃ τῇ Χριστιανῇ τροφῇ χρῇσθε, ἀλλοτρίας δὲ βοτάνης ἀπέχεσθε, ἥτις ἐστὶν αἵρησις "you shall nourish yourself only with the Christian food, and keep away from the extraneous weed, which is the heresy".
[4] A marginal addition in mss AM; cf. mu 147 (end). The relationship linking the Paulicians to Paul of Samosata is indeed doubted; it seems to have been an opinion held by the opponents of the sect (cf. web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; geography; historiography; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 20 April 2005@20:02:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked translation; augmented notes and keywords) on 21 April 2005@09:24:22.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 21 April 2005@10:12:00.
Catharine Roth (corrected my typo) on 21 April 2005@12:18:33.
Antonella Ippolito (modified translation; augmented note; added references) on 29 April 2005@22:32:06.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmetics) on 30 April 2005@15:58:35.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 3 October 2005@17:37:23.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 18 September 2013@05:33:02.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 20 July 2014@22:00:14.


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