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Headword: Πατρῴων
Adler number: pi,803
Translated headword: of the patrimony
Vetting Status: high
The orators[1] say πατρῷα ["inherited from one’s father"], whenever their speech concerns goods or places. Isaeus: [says] "for I declare to you that this land does not belong to the heiress, nor has it ever, but that Lysimenes the father of Menekrates held it as a paternal inheritance: indeed Lysimenes kept all his paternal inheritance."[2] But they call πάτρια ["paternal, ancestral"] the customs and the laws and the mysteries and the festivals. Antiphon [says]: "on the other hand, knowing that you have ancestral and ancient laws."[3] But [sc. they say] πατρικόν , whenever they make the speech concerning a person. "And having been deemed worthy of these honors, because he held him as a paternal friend." Aeschines in Against Ktesiphon [sc. says this].[4]
Greek Original:
Πατρῴων: πατρῷα λέγουσιν οἱ ῥήτορες, ὅταν αὐτοῖς ὁ λόγος ᾖ περὶ χρημάτων ἢ τόπων. Ἰσαῖος: ἀποφαίνω γὰρ ὑμῖν, ὡς οὐκ ἔστι τῆς ἐπικλήρου τὸ χωρίον τοῦτο, οὐδ' ἐγένετο πώποτε, ἀλλ' ὡς ἦν πατρῷον Λυσιμένει τῷ πατρὶ Μενεκράτους: ὁ δὲ Λυσιμένης ἔσχε τὰ πατρῷα πάντα. πάτρια δὲ λέγουσι τὰ ἔθη καὶ τὰ νόμιμα καὶ τὰ μυστήρια καὶ τὰς ἑορτάς. Ἀντιφῶν: τοῦτο δὲ τοὺς νόμους εἰδὼς πατρίους καὶ παλαιοὺς ὄντας ὑμῖν. πατρικὸν δέ, ὅταν περὶ προσώπου ποιῶνται τὸν λόγον. καὶ τούτων ἀξιωθείς, διὰ τὸ πατρικὸς αὐτῷ φίλος εἶναι. Αἰσχίνης ἐν τῷ κατὰ Κτησιφῶντος.
Similar entries in Photius (pi494 Theodoridis) and elsewhere.
The headword, neuter genitive plural of a term that has already appeared in the nominative/accusative plural as pi 800, is evidently extracted from somewhere -- probably Attic oratory: there are instances in e.g. Lysias (10.5, 16.10, 32.10 & 22), Isaeus (1.1, 3.46, 51, 55 & 58, 6.25, 8.34, 10.24 & 25; and Aeschines (1.105). Harrison (in bibliography below) 125 notes that πατρῷα in Athenian law referred to property that a man inherited, while ἐπικτητά referred to property that he added to his patrimony.
The summary entry pi 800 (see above) defined πατρῷα as τὰ πατρικά , making the two terms equivalent. The point of the present entry is to note how the Attic orators customarily applied the roughly synonymous adjectives πατρῷος ("of or from one's father, coming or inherited from him:" LSJ), πάτριος ("of or belonging to one’s father:" LSJ), and πατρικός ("derived from one’s fathers, hereditary:" LSJ). Lysias 32.22 illustrates the Suda’s distinctions here by applying πατρικός to ἐχθρός ("enemy"), while using τῶν πατρῷων to refer to an inherited estate within the same sentence. The Attic orators do customarily use πάτριος to denote ancestral laws, customs, and religious observances, e.g.: Aeschines 1.23 (prayers and rites), 2.114 (religious traditions); Andocides 1.110, 115 & 116 (law); Antiphon 5.48 (laws); Demosthenes 18.90 (constitution), 21.52 (garlands), 24.139 (customs); Dinarchus 1.62 (laws), 110 (sacrifices); Isocrates 7.29 (sacrifices), 30 (rites); Lysias. 30.19 (sacrifices), 21 (sacrifices), 29 (rites), 31.31 (gods). Likewise, they consistently apply πατρικός to ancestral friends and enemies: Aeschines 1.42, 2.26; Andocides 2.11; Demosthenes 19.222, 21.49, 23.111 & 121, 25.32, 40.37; Dinarchus 1.111; Isocrates 1.2, 4.184, 5.126, 17.43, 19.50. The only surviving exception is Isocrates 9.35, where πατρικὰς βασιλείας clearly refers to inheritance.
[1] Some lexica say, more generally, 'the ancients'.
[2] Isaeus fr. 6.2 Roussel (26 Sauppe).
[3] Antiphon fr. 78 Thalheim (139 Sauppe).
[4] Aeschines 3.52.
Harrison, A.R.W. The Law of Athens: The Family and Property. Oxford: Clarendon, 1968
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; law; religion; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Fred Jenkins on 10 September 2011@20:53:05.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, more keywords, status) on 10 September 2011@22:43:57.
Fred Jenkins (cosmetics) on 10 September 2011@23:01:43.
David Whitehead (added primary note and more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 11 September 2011@05:41:41.
David Whitehead on 11 September 2011@05:41:56.
Fred Jenkins (cosmetics) on 16 September 2011@16:42:34.
David Whitehead (small additons to notes) on 18 September 2013@05:09:28.


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