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Headword: Πάσχειν
Adler number: pi,765
Translated headword: to be affected
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Alteration and in general to be affected [is] twofold: in one sense, it leads towards corruption, in another sense towards completion.[1] For the disciple also is affected by his teacher, and is altered, but he is not led towards corruption but towards completion. For certainly what is in potentiality in him is led on towards actuality. In that way too perception is altered and affected when it is led towards its completion by perceptible objects[2] and when it is led on from potentiality to actuality.
Greek Original:
Πάσχειν: ὅτι ἡ ἀλλοίωσις καὶ ὅλως τὸ πάσχειν διττόν, τὸ μὲν ἐπὶ φθορὰν ἄγον, τὸ δὲ εἰς τελείωσιν. πάσχει γὰρ καὶ ὁ μαθητὴς ὑπὸ τοῦ διδασκάλου καὶ ἀλλοιοῦται, ἀλλ' οὐκ εἰς φθοράν, ἀλλ' εἰς τελείωσιν ἀγόμενος. τὸ γὰρ ἐν αὐτῷ δυνάμει προάγεται εἰς ἐνέργειαν. οὕτω καὶ ἡ αἴσθησις ἀλλοιοῦται καὶ πάσχει, ὑπὸ τῶν αἰσθητῶν εἰς τελείωσιν ἀγομένη καὶ ἐκ δυνάμεως εἰς ἐνέργειαν προαγομένη.
Notes:
cf. John Philoponus, Commentary on Aristotle's de anima 301.9-10, 305.21ff. See also alpha 1418.
[1] 'Fulfilment' or 'accomplishment' (τελείωσις ). The word has a moral sense in some Aristotelian contexts, such as Physics 247a2, where virtues or moral excellences are called 'completions', while vices are 'departures from completion' (ἐκστάσεις . For further Aristotelian references where τελειοσις is employed in this moral sense, see Physics 246a13 & 26, and Metaphysics 1021b20. In the Suda passage the word is probably used in its general sense of 'fulfilment' or 'complete development', such as in the case of a thing that has attained its complete development and, accordingly, its total reality or 'actuality'. This is clear in the example: the disciple reaches his best condition due to his teacher.
[2] Aristotle, Physics 253a3; 245b3-5; 247a7.
Keywords: definition; ethics; philosophy
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 4 May 2002@20:02:59.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 2 February 2003@07:44:14.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 1 December 2005@08:30:34.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 18 September 2013@03:36:35.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 1 February 2015@23:27:19.

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