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Headword: Partheneios
Adler number: pi,662
Translated headword: maiden (adjective), unmarried (not legally married), born of an illegitimate union
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the well-born son of a woman who seems still to be a virgin.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] parqe/neion le/xos ["virgin bed"].[2] But parthenios [means] the son of a virgin.
Greek Original:
Partheneios: ho ek parthenou eti dokousês einai gennaios. kai Partheneion lechos. Parthenios de ho ek parthenou gennêtheis.
Notes:
[1] Likewise in other lexica; references at Photius pi406, where however Theodoridis prints the headword as parqe/nios. ['Well-born' is the paradosis, but a dubious one; cf. sigma 676 (end), where the more appropriate gegonw/s is used instead of gennai=os 'well-born' (LSJ at web address 1). Adler notes that ms M reads gennhqei/s, supported by Porson; and Theodoridis contemplates gennw/menos.] The gloss perhaps refers to the name for the founders of Taras/Tarentum (in southern Italy, cf. tau 112 and tau 113), the Partheniae (web address 2), children of unions unrecognized by Spartan law between noble Spartiate mothers and Helot fathers during the Messenian Wars (Aristotle, Politics 1306b29; Strabo 6.3.2). But see pi 666 for two similar uses of parqe/nios in Athens for the children of non-citizens. See also upsilon 576.
[2] This phrase, not identified by Adler, is spoken by Andromache in Euripides, Troades 676: prw=tos to\ parqe/neion e)zeu/cw le/xos.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; gender and sexuality; geography; history; law; tragedy; women
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 27 January 2002@14:39:59.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 28 January 2002@02:58:20.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 18 June 2002@03:20:11.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 August 2011@10:42:24.
David Whitehead (expanded notes) on 17 September 2013@04:02:33.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 25 January 2015@23:47:05.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 26 January 2015@00:16:09.
Ronald Allen (minor expansion of n.1, added cross-references) on 8 July 2018@15:31:57.

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