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Headword: Parrêsia
Adler number: pi,636
Translated headword: freedom of speech
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] power, exemption.[1]
"They granted freedom of speech with a knife."[2]
But the [sc. Attic] orators used 'freedom of speech' in application to those intending to insult their listeners, when those speaking made mention of things in the past that ought not to have been done. An instance is Aeschines in the [speech] Against Timarchus: "Nicodemus [of Aphidna] has died a violent death at the hands of Aristarchus -- the poor man had both of his eyes knocked out and his tongue cut out, the one with which he had been exercising freedom of speech, trusting in the laws [and in you]."[3] And in the [speech] On the Mismanaged Embassy: "my choice has been to exercise freedom of speech and at the same time to seek safety in speaking freely and truthfully".[4]
Greek Original:
Parrêsia: exousia, adeia. hoi de têi machairai tên parrêsian edidosan. hoi rhêtores têi parrêsiai katechrêsanto epi tôn oneidizein mellontôn tous akouontas, hotan hoi dialegomenoi tôn ou deontôs pote pepragmenôn mnêmoneuôsin: hôs Aischinês en tôi kata Timarchou: Nikodêmos de hupo Aristagorou teteleutêke biaiôi thanatôi, ekkopeis ho deilaios amphoterous tous ophthalmous kai tên glôttan ektmêtheis, hêi eparrêsiazeto, pisteuôn tois nomois. kai en tôi tês parapresbeias: proêirêmai de parrêsiasasthai kai eleutherôs hama kai talêthê eipôn sôizesthai.
Notes:
[1] Same glossing in other lexica. See also pi 637.
[2] Quotation not identified by Adler, but identifiable via the TLG as Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 5.1.15.
[3] Aeschines 1.172.
[4] Aeschines 2.70.
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; historiography; history; medicine; politics; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 March 2010@05:46:37.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, expanded note, added cross-reference, set status) on 16 March 2010@01:57:37.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 16 March 2010@04:12:38.
David Whitehead (source identification) on 12 May 2011@06:42:21.
David Whitehead on 16 September 2013@07:04:42.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 July 2015@16:36:48.

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