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Headword: Parainesis
Adler number: pi,499
Translated headword: admonition
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] good counsel.[1]
Admonition differs from counsel: for admonition is admonitory speech that does not admit contradiction; as is the case if someone were to say that it is necessary to honor the divine; for no one opposes this admonition, unless he first went mad. But counsel is deliberative speech that does admit contradiction; as is the case if someone were to say that it is necessary to go to war, for many are the profits from war; but another person might say the opposite, that it is not necessary to go to war, for many are the consequences from war, such as defeat, being taken captive, wounds, destruction of cities.[2]
Greek Original:
Parainesis: hê agathê sumboulê. Parainesis sumboulês diapherei: parainesis men gar esti logos parainetikos antirrêsin ouk epidechomenos: hoion hôs ei tis eipoi, hoti dei to theion timan: oudeis gar enantioutai têi parainesei tautêi, mê proteron maneis. sumboulê de esti logos sumbouleutikos antirrêsin epidechomenos: hoion hôs ei tis eipoi, hoti dei polemein: polla gar esti ta ek tou polemou kerdê: heteros de tis anteipoi, hôs ou dei polemein: polla gar esti ta ek tou polemou sumbainonta, hoion hêtta, aichmalôsia, plêgai, poleôn kataskaphai.
Notes:
[1] cf. pi 511 for the general view that parainesis and symboule are synonyms. It is challenged, however, in the rest of the entry: see next note.
[2] Material not identified by Adler but identifiable via the TLG as ps.-Libanius, Characteres epistolici 5 (with minor differences). Compare also Syrianus, Commentary on Hermogenes *peri\ sta/sewn 2.192 (= Waltz, Rhetorici Graeci 4.763); Etymologicum Gudianum 514; ps.-Ammonius 455 s.v. sumboulh/.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; military affairs; philosophy; politics; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: William Hutton on 29 July 2011@11:18:55.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 30 July 2011@22:30:13.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 July 2011@04:11:45.
David Whitehead (augmented and expanded notes) on 14 September 2013@05:25:57.

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