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Headword: Παραίνεσις
Adler number: pi,499
Translated headword: admonition
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] good counsel.[1]
Admonition differs from counsel: for admonition is admonitory speech that does not admit contradiction; as is the case if someone were to say that it is necessary to honor the divine; for no one opposes this admonition, unless he first went mad. But counsel is deliberative speech that does admit contradiction; as is the case if someone were to say that it is necessary to go to war, for many are the profits from war; but another person might say the opposite, that it is not necessary to go to war, for many are the consequences from war, such as defeat, being taken captive, wounds, destruction of cities.[2]
Greek Original:
Παραίνεσις: ἡ ἀγαθὴ συμβουλή. Παραίνεσις συμβουλῆς διαφέρει: παραίνεσις μὲν γάρ ἐστι λόγος παραινετικὸς ἀντίρρησιν οὐκ ἐπιδεχόμενος: οἷον ὡς εἴ τις εἴποι, ὅτι δεῖ τὸ θεῖον τιμᾶν: οὐδεὶς γὰρ ἐναντιοῦται τῇ παραινέσει ταύτῃ, μὴ πρότερον μανείς. συμβουλὴ δέ ἐστι λόγος συμβουλευτικὸς ἀντίρρησιν ἐπιδεχόμενος: οἷον ὡς εἴ τις εἴποι, ὅτι δεῖ πολεμεῖν: πολλὰ γάρ ἐστι τὰ ἐκ τοῦ πολέμου κέρδη: ἕτερος δέ τις ἀντείποι, ὡς οὐ δεῖ πολεμεῖν: πολλὰ γάρ ἐστι τὰ ἐκ τοῦ πολέμου συμβαίνοντα, οἷον ἧττα, αἰχμαλωσία, πληγαί, πόλεων κατασκαφαί.
Notes:
[1] cf. pi 511 for the general view that parainesis and symboule are synonyms. It is challenged, however, in the rest of the entry: see next note.
[2] Material not identified by Adler but identifiable via the TLG as ps.-Libanius, Characteres epistolici 5 (with minor differences). Compare also Syrianus, Commentary on Hermogenes Περὶ στάσεων 2.192 (= Waltz, Rhetorici Graeci 4.763); Etymologicum Gudianum 514; ps.-Ammonius 455 s.v. συμβουλή .
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; military affairs; philosophy; politics; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: William Hutton on 29 July 2011@11:18:55.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 30 July 2011@22:30:13.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 July 2011@04:11:45.
David Whitehead (augmented and expanded notes) on 14 September 2013@05:25:57.

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